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The Music Dies for Poland’s Gig Economy Workers

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There was a time when the ruling right-wing Law and Justice party (PiS) was seen as the champion of those relying on flexible forms of employment. Five years ago, when it came to power, it declared it would abolish “junk” contracts.

But critics say all PiS has done is to introduce a minimum hourly rate for casual workers to match minimum rates for employees on full contracts.

“It takes more time for the labour market to totally get out of these types of contracts,” said Wojciech Zubowski, PiS deputy chairman of the parliament’s economy and development committee. “Besides, for many people who don’t want to be associated with one company, this kind of employment is simply suitable.”

In recent years, Poland has seen economic growth and budget surpluses thanks in part to a buoyant global economic outlook and austerity reforms brought in by PiS’s predecessors. Poland’s unemployment rate hit a record low of 2.9 per cent in January. 

But critics say PiS has squandered the conditions it inherited. Instead of reforming the chaotic labour market, it has overseen a dramatic increase in social spending.

It introduced a “13th” and then a “14th” month of annual pension payments and one-off gifts of around 70 euros for school pupils. It also brought in an immensely popular subsidy of 110 euros a month for each child, regardless of a family’s income, which has cost taxpayers 18.5 billion euros since 2016.

Critics say PiS has also distributed money among loyalists in the public media, government agencies and bureaucracy — sectors that are key to the party’s grip on power — though PiS denies it.

“In times of prosperity, PiS has neither made serious investments nor savings,” said Katarzyna Lubnauer, a member of the Modern party, which along with Civic Platform, the main opposition party, forms the Civic Coalition alliance in parliament.

“So now there are relatively few funds that can be allocated to saving the economy.”

In times of prosperity, PiS has neither made serious investments nor savings. So now there are relatively few funds that can be allocated to saving the economy.

– Katarzyna Lubnauer, the Modern party

While Lubnauer faults PiS for not reorganising the labour market, she said for some workers it was a conscious choice to work on non-standard contracts, which offered them flexibility and exemption from paying social contributions.

But “what worked in times of prosperity becomes a burden in the crisis”, Lubnauer added.

Meanwhile, singer Marcin Januszkiewicz wonders if he will ever play a concert again as social distancing looks more and more like the new normal.

Whatever happens, though, he is trying to stay upbeat.

“The thought that we’re all together facing some unknown disaster rather builds me up,” he said.



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Oxygen chooss CPI for gig economy debit cards

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CPI Card Group Inc. (OTCQX: PMTS, TSX: PMTS) (“CPI” or the “Company”), a payment technology company and leading provider of credit, debit and prepaid solutions, today announced a collaboration with Oxygen, the first digital banking platform tailored to meet the unique needs of the freelance economy.

Oxygen selected CPI to develop its first personal and business debit cards – tapping the Company’s card manufacturing experience and advanced print design services to create a payment product that embodies Oxygen’s unique financial market positioning.

Oxygen provides flexible banking to the millions of U.S. professionals who thrive on multiple income streams, contract work and freelance gigs. The company’s solutions are available through a mobile app that enables a fast, frictionless user experience. Oxygen takes a holistic approach to meeting the financial services needs of independent professionals. In CPI, Oxygen found a card manufacturer that could create a payment solution from end to end. CPI and Oxygen collaborated to develop two packages with clean and crisply-designed vertical cards that arrive nested in interactive packaging. Back-of-card personalization completes the high-end look and feel.

“At Oxygen, we understand that the physical brand experience, – including everything from the card design to the packaging appearance – matters for our creative, tech-savvy clientele. With CPI’s cost-effective scale and design strengths, we were able to deliver a sleek card to customers in a unique, memorable fashion,” said Hussein Ahmed, founder and CEO at Oxygen. “We are pleased to have such a reliable secure card provider and are thrilled to offer customers an eye-catching debit card that echoes their drive, ambition and lifestyle.”

Through CPI’s advanced personalization capabilities and packaging options, financial institutions can develop differentiated card programs that deliver a premium cardholder experience. The Company provides end-to-end support and customizability that allow businesses to create tailored products that bridge the digital and physical worlds for their brands. Additionally, CPI’s innovative manufacturing approach empowers companies to introduce exciting card designs and technology features, which can offer a competitive edge in the pursuit of top-of-wallet status.

“CPI and Oxygen share in being deeply customer-centric in everything we do. We are excited to leverage our manufacturing strengths and high-quality print and design services to achieve debit cards that match the modern, sophisticated aesthetic of Oxygen’s brand and its clients,” said Guy DiMaggio, SVP and General Manager, Secure Card Solutions, CPI Card Group. “We look forward to supporting more fintech innovators and pioneers in creating payment cards that expand the physical aspect of their brands.”  

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How Covid-19 has affected the gig economy in South Africa

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/ MEDIA STATEMENT / This content is not written by Creamer Media, but is a supplied media statement.

A report by The Fairwork Project – a collaboration between various South African and foreign university research units – has found that the non-standard employment status of gig workers during Covid-19 has made them particularly vulnerable during an economic shutdown. However, some gig networking platforms have stepped up to ease the pain.

Fairwork, which draws on the expertise of staff from the universities of Oxford, Cape Town, Western Cape, Manchester, Institute of Information Technology Bangalore in India and the Technical University of Berlin, wrote a report titled Gig Workers, Platforms and Government During Covid-19, which was released in May 2020.

The report looked at gig economy platforms active in South Africa, government responses  regarding informal, freelance or gig economy workers, and actual worker experience surveys. While most platforms regarded workers as independent contracts rather than employees, to their detriment, the report found that gig technology company, M4Jam and SweepSouth actively worked to offset looses of income for contracted giggers.

The report compiled a scorecard which covered principles of fair pay, fair working conditions, fair contracts, fair management and fair representation. The scorecard specifically highlighted pay-related policies, given their importance to gig workers.

The scorecard found that three of the top-ranking platforms – M4Jam, SweepSouth and getTOD – had come up with innovative solutions to the problems their workers faced during Covid-19 and lockdown. M4Jam and SweepSouth were the only platforms to attempt to compensate for gig worker pay loss during lockdown.

“Our survey suggests the majority of gig workers have lost their jobs entirely, while those able to work during lockdown have, on average, lost four-fifths of their income. As a result, many reported that just getting food to eat was their top priority,” the researchers note.

“While [gig economy] platforms have long marketed themselves as facilitators of supplementary income streams, all of this exposes the complete dependency of most workers on their platforms as the basis for their livelihood,” they wrote.

The report stated that gig economy platforms, which operate by connecting jobbers with potential temporary work at corporate entities, should and could do more to help, by such measures as reducing commissions, deferring loans, offering healthcare assistance and sick pay, improving communication and engaging with workers and their representatives more effectively.

Georgie Midgley, CEO of M4Jam, said the report’s finding that inaction on behalf of gig platforms was the norm gave credence to common criticism of the gig economy. “Unfortunately most gig economy platforms live up to negative perceptions about jobber vulnerability. In a country like South Africa where the gig economy can play a vital role in supplementing income and providing much-needed temporary employment, the down side is potential exploitation of workers who do not have the safety net permanent employees have.”

Gig workers have tended to fall between the cracks of government financial relief measures, according to the report, principally because they fall outside the UIF net. “Gig workers have fallen between two stools: able to access neither the [government] support offered to formal employees, nor the support offered to those registered as small businesses. If gig workers are to avoid destitution, government must take further action,” the researchers said.

At the same time, the report said, the value of gig workers to the economy has been underlined by Covid-19 and lockdown. “Delivery services, for example, have been essential to society during lockdown. In the longer term, a legal resolution must be found to rescue gig workers from the employment-status limbo that the pandemic has brought into sharp relief.”

The report found, for example, that both Uber and Bolt ride-hailing services had closed down their local contact centres, “making it harder for drivers to interact with the platforms”. A constant criticism of gig economy platforms is that they simply cannot provide protection of workers’ rights in the same way that the formal economy’s employers do.

With lockdown preventing physical movement of jobbers completing micro-tasks for corporate employers, the report commended M4Jam’s approach of collaborating with one of its clients, Cell C, in rolling out a three-week training initiative that provided payment to workers for completing up to 48 short lessons undertaking via their mobile phones.

This provided further upskilling of contracted jobbers during the down time, and provided an average of R310 per week for those undergoing the training. M4Jam works with corporate clients such as Morecorp, i-People, Twizza, Sereti and more.

The research found that the trends in South Africa broadly reflected gig economy trends around the world, with roughly half of gig workers losing their “jobs” during lockdown. 

“We agree with the report’s findings that if gig economy platforms direct and exercise control over the work given to contracted jobbers, they should go to greater lengths to be responsible for assisting workers in dealing with the effects of Covid-19. This will not only maintain goodwill with contracted workers and ensure livelihoods are not lost – it will also show that the gig economy is a viable long-term alternative for job seekers who cannot get a foothold in the formal economy,” said Midgley.

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Gig economy battle spans unemployment benefits (NYSE:UBER)

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The $2.2T coronavirus relief law enacted in March extended unemployment benefits to previously ineligible groups, like the self-employed and independent contractors.

However, some Uber (NYSE:UBER) and Lyft (NASDAQ:LYFT) drivers are nervous about tapping the program out of fear it would certify them as independent contractors, and undermine their fight to be classified as employees.

While some labor attorneys believe their concern is valid, others think the threat is overblown.

California passed a law last year requiring gig companies to treat independent contractors as employees, and other states, like New York, are attempting to follow suit. California’s AB5 law took effect in January, but is being challenged in court.



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