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More than a quarantine gig: Laboring in the digital market

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IN music and theater circles, “gig” is a hip term that refers to a show or performance by a musician, a band, or an actor. Nowadays, however, show business no longer has a monopoly of “gig work,” which has evolved to perhaps less glamorous but increasingly popular services provided through online platforms. This global trend has given rise to a “gig economy” where workers provide services on-demand to clients via online platform apps. The most familiar are the drivers providing transportation services, food delivery, and courier services. Other emerging gig jobs include running errands, house cleaning, clerical work, etc. A gig worker gets a gig through the digital platform, which matches him/her to a customer but has no employment relationship with the platform or the customer.

Before the Covid-19 pandemic, the gig economy was populated with individuals deliberately making a choice to take on a gig for additional income or to shift fully from regular employment to gig-app work to have flexible work hours and potentially higher returns. With the pandemic forcing downsizing and lay-offs, however, these gig jobs are becoming the main means of livelihood for more and more people. The quarantine restrictions on movement have also multiplied gig-apps over the last six months. There are now more platforms providing similar services, some providing more than one type of service. If you want food delivered, you have several options:  use the delivery services of the restaurant you are ordering from; use a food delivery platform which caters to the restaurant you are ordering from; order from the restaurant and book your own delivery service that will pick up the food from the restaurant and deliver to your doorstep; or use a platform that purchases your order for you on reimbursement with mark-up basis and deliver to you.

In this sense, the existence of a gig economy at a time of crisis is a fortunate happenstance as it provides a means for earning a living while fulfilling a demand heightened by the health situation.  However, this also exposes gig workers, because of the nature of their engagement, to undue exercise of any market power that online platforms may possess. The curious question is, can competition law come to their rescue?

A quick travel back to pre-pandemic times reveals that the PCC was confronted with this kind of question when it investigated the Grab-Uber merger. The ride sharing services platform is two-sided: drivers on one side and riders on the other side. Both sides stood to be harmed by the 2 to 1 merger, although their respective interests were not necessarily aligned. While the investigation focused more on the harm to the riders, it also recognized the harms to the drivers who were left with only one platform to subscribe to if they wished to continue providing ride sharing services.  With Grab being the lone platform, drivers would have sufficiently diminished bargaining power in terms of commission rate, incentives, and other conditions of work. Grab was a monopsonist—it was the only intermediator of ride sharing services—and enjoyed such market power that gave it ability and incentive to lower commission rates, reduce incentives, and impose conditions favorable to it (e.g. exclusivity).

The same issues are likely to surface for gig workers today, especially with the oversupply of available labor and contraction of demand. Although there are several platforms that gig workers can choose from and switch between, human factors such as instability and desperation can negate any semblance of choice or bargaining leverage against the platforms.  It should also not be forgotten that the essence of platforms is their network effects, that is, the benefit of using the platform lies in having more users. Thus, a gig worker would gravitate toward a platform that enjoys extensive network effects. Such a platform could then exercise monopsony power. This could come in the form of lower commissions and incentives, imposition of non-compete clauses, unfair labor practices, and predatory hiring.

Unfortunately, the legal status of gig workers is more akin to an independent contractor under our Labor Laws. As such, they do not enjoy the same rights and protection given to employees. As independent contractors, they will also be considered “entities” under the Philippine Competition Act and treated just like any other commercial enterprise. This means that they cannot try to strengthen their bargaining power by banding together with other gig workers to negotiate for better terms. Unlike labor unions that are exempt from the coverage of the Philippine Competition Act when they engage in collective bargaining agreement regarding conditions of employment, gig workers as independent contractors can run afoul of cartel violations if they combine and negotiate together. Yet, in the context of present-day gig workers, it is easy to see that they are as in need of protection as regular employees. In fact, it can even be argued that their need is greater during these uncertain times.

Commentators have suggested that competition law treat gig workers like employees where their relationship with the platform bears strong resemblance to the basic characteristics of an employer-employee relationship, i.e. the platform exercises such degree of control or decisive influence over the conditions under which the services are provided. This may well be a good starting point toward protecting this rising category of workers. To be sure, there may be quick regulatory solutions. Yet, it may also be an opportune time for competition policy to heed the now unmuted call of the labor market for relevant, even lasting, intervention, because definitely, labor in the digital market has become more than just a quarantine gig.

Before her appointment to the Philippine Competition Commission, Commissioner Amabelle C. Asuncion was engaged in corporate practice and served as chief legal counsel of a top company and a partner of a law firm. She was also previously involved in legislative, law and policy reform, advocacy, and adjudication work. Commissioner Asuncion has a master of laws degree (with distinction) in international legal studies from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., and is admitted to the New York bar.

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Economy

Gig Economy Platforms Market 2020 Share, Vendor Detail, Technologies, Regions, Applications, Market Size and Forecast to 2025 – Canaan Mountain Herald

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“Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry”

Global “Gig Economy Platforms Market” research report further provides basic information about definition, classification, industry chain structure, industry overview, international market analysis. This report studies sales (consumption) of Gig Economy Platforms market, focuses on the top players, with sales, price, revenue and market share with volume and value for each region.

Get a Sample Copy of the Report – http://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/request-sample/16070884

Top Key Manufacturers in Gig Economy Platforms Market:

  • TaskRabbit
  • BellHops
  • Guru.com
  • HopSkipDrive
  • Freelancer
  • Rover
  • Upwork
  • Fiverr
  • DoorDash
  • Favor Delivery
  • Turo
  • Twago Enterprise
  • Handy
  • TO UNDERSTAND HOW COVID-19 IMPACT IS COVERED IN THIS REPORT– https://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/request-covid19/16070884

    Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Types:

  • APP-based
  • Website-based
  • Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Applications:

  • Freelancer
  • Independent Contractor
  • Project Worker
  • Part-Time
  • Other
  • Some of the Key Questions Answered in this Report:

    • Gig Economy Platforms market report provides a comprehensive analysis of the market with the help of up-to-date market opportunities, overview, outlook, challenges, trends, market dynamics, size and growth, competitive analysis, major competitors analysis.
    • Report recognizes the key drivers of growth and challenges of the key industry players. Also, evaluates the future impact of the propellants and limits on the market.
    • Uncovers potential demands in the Gig Economy Platforms market.
    • Gig Economy Platforms market report provides in-depth analysis for changing competitive dynamics
    • Provides information on the historical and current market size and the future potential of the market.

    For More Information or Query or Customization Before Buying, Visit at  http://www.industryresearch.co/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/16070884

    Region and Country Coverage:

    Europe: UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, Portugal, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Ireland, Russia, Turkey, Poland, Western Europe, Central and Eastern Europe

    Purchase this Report (Price 3900 USD for a Single-User License) – http://www.industryresearch.co/purchase/16070884

    Gig Economy Platforms Market TOC Covers the Following Points:

    1 Market Overview of Gig Economy Platforms

        1.1 Gig Economy Platforms Market Overview

            1.1.1 Gig Economy Platforms Product Scope

            1.1.2 Market Status and Outlook

        1.2 Global Gig Economy Platforms Market Size Overview by Region 2015 VS 2020 VS 2026

        1.3 Global Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Region (2015-2026)

        1.4 Global Gig Economy Platforms Historic Market Size by Region (2015-2020)

        1.5 Global Gig Economy Platforms Market Size Forecast by Region (2021-2026)

        1.6 Key Regions, Gig Economy Platforms Market Size YoY Growth (2015-2026)

            1.6.1 North America Gig Economy Platforms Market Size YoY Growth (2015-2026)

            1.6.2 Europe Gig Economy Platforms Market Size YoY Growth (2015-2026)

            1.6.3 Asia-Pacific Gig Economy Platforms Market Size YoY Growth (2015-2026)

            1.6.4 Latin America Gig Economy Platforms Market Size YoY Growth (2015-2026)

            1.6.5 Middle East & Africa Gig Economy Platforms Market Size YoY Growth (2015-2026)

     

    2 Gig Economy Platforms Market Overview by Type

        2.1 Global Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Type: 2015 VS 2020 VS 2026

        2.2 Global Gig Economy Platforms Historic Market Size by Type (2015-2020)

        2.3 Global Gig Economy Platforms Forecasted Market Size by Type (2021-2026)

    3 Gig Economy Platforms Market Overview by Application

        3.1 Global Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Application: 2015 VS 2020 VS 2026

        3.2 Global Gig Economy Platforms Historic Market Size by Application (2015-2020)

        3.3 Global Gig Economy Platforms Forecasted Market Size by Application (2021-2026)

    4 Global Gig Economy Platforms Competition Analysis by Players

        4.1 Global Gig Economy Platforms Market Size (Million US$) by Players (2015-2020)

        4.2 Global Top Manufacturers by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3) (based on the Revenue in Gig Economy Platforms as of 2019)

        4.3 Date of Key Manufacturers Enter into Gig Economy Platforms Market

        4.4 Global Top Players Gig Economy Platforms Headquarters and Area Served

        4.5 Key Players Gig Economy Platforms Product Solution and Service

        4.6 Competitive Status

            4.6.1 Gig Economy Platforms Market Concentration Rate

            4.6.2 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

    5 Company (Top Players) Profiles and Key Data

     
    6 North America

        6.1 North America Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Country

        6.2 United States

        6.3 Canada

    7 Europe

        7.1 Europe Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Country

        7.2 Germany

        7.3 France

        7.4 U.K.

        7.5 Italy

        7.6 Russia

        7.7 Nordic

        7.8 Rest of Europe

    8 Asia-Pacific

        8.1 Asia-Pacific Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Region

        8.2 China

        8.3 Japan

        8.4 South Korea

        8.5 Southeast Asia

        8.6 India

        8.7 Australia

        8.8 Rest of Asia-Pacific

    9 Latin America

        9.1 Latin America Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Country

        9.2 Mexico

        9.3 Brazil

        9.4 Rest of Latin America

    10 Middle East & Africa

        10.1 Middle East & Africa Gig Economy Platforms Market Size by Country

        10.2 Turkey

        10.3 Saudi Arabia

        10.4 UAE

        10.5 Rest of Middle East & Africa

    11 Gig Economy Platforms Market Dynamics

        11.1 Industry Trends

        11.2 Market Drivers

        11.3 Market Challenges

        11.4 Market Restraints

     

    12 Research Finding /Conclusion

    13 Methodology and Data Source

    13.1 Methodology/Research Approach

            13.1.1 Research Programs/Design

            13.1.2 Market Size Estimation

            13.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation

        13.2 Data Source

            13.2.1 Secondary Sources

            13.2.2 Primary Sources

        13.3 Disclaimer

        13.4 Author List

    Continued…

    Contact Us:

    Name: Mr. Ajay More

    Phone: US +1424 253 0807/ UK +44 203 239 8187

    Email id: [email protected]

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    Gig economy: Kopi boy for a day, Life News & Top Stories

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    SINGAPORE – Drinks stalls get no respect.

    When Netflix makes a show about Singapore food, it’s about this noodle or that soup but never about teh or kopi. Where is the love for the artisanal Milo Bomb? Where is the heritage walk for chin chow bandung?

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    Australia’s gig economy needs an overhaul after another delivery rider death – 2GB

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