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Gig Work and Platforms during the COVID-19 Pandemic in India



Abrar, Peerzada (2020): “Swiggy to Lay Off Another 350 Employees as Coronavirus Impacts Business,” Business Standard, 27 July, 

Ashok, Sowmiya (2020): “As Jobs Vanish, Salaried Workers Become Gig Economy ‘Partners’ with Swiggy, Zomato and Amazon,” Huffpost, 29 May,,gig-based%20home-delivery.andtext=At%20the%20end%20of%20April,who%20tested%20positive%20in%20Chennai.   

Berg, Janine, Marianne Furrer, Ellie Harmon, Uma Rani and M Six Silberman (2018): Digital Labour Platforms and the Future of Work: Towards Decent Work in the Online World, Geneva: International Labour Organisation. 

Bhargava, Yuthika (2020): “Now, Swiggy to Lay off 1,100 Employees,” Hindu, 18 May,  

Braverman, Harry (1974): Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century, New York: Monthly Review Press.

Buchholz, Katharina (2020): “Consumers View Zomato’s and Swiggy’s Coronavirus Response Positively,”, 30 April,’s%20and%20Swiggy’s%20Coronavirus%20Response%20Positively,-by%20Katharina%20Buchholzandtext=Yet%2C%20customer%20base%20(the%20number,48.8%20to%2042.4%20for%20Swiggy. 

Deccan Herald (2020): “Swiggy Plans To Serve 5 Lakh Meals Daily to the Needy amid Coronavirus Lockdown,” 2 April, 

Economic Times (2020): “Ola, Uber Cab Drivers Struggle amid Low Demand, Extra Operating Cost,” 20 May,  

Free Press Journal (2020): “After Uber, Swiggy and Zomato, Now Ola Lays off 1,400 Employees amid COVID-19,” 20 May, 

Gandini, Alessandro (2016): The Reputation Economy: Understanding Knowledge Work in Digital Society, London: Palgrave Macmillan. 

Kumar, K S (2020): “India’s Food Delivery Firms Hit by Covid-19,” Asia Times, 18 May,  

Lalvani, Simiran and Bhavani Seetharaman (2020): “The Personal and Social Risks that India’s Food Delivery Workers are Taking During COVID-19,” Wire, 12 April, 

Mukhopadhyay, Boidurjo and Bibhas K Mukhopadhyay (2020): “COVID-19 and the Gig Economy: ‘For a Few Dollars More’,” Tripura Times, 19 April,’For_a_Few_Dollars_More’.  

Nair, Gayatri (2020): “TIF- The Gig Economy in the Pandemic,” India Forum, 5 June,  

Pant, Bhaskar and Utkarsha Shende (2020): “The Impact of COVID-19 on the Sharing Economy in India,” Policy Monks, 15 July,  

Prassl, Jeremias (2018): Humans As A Service: The Promise and Perils of Work in the Gig Economy, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 


Ramakrishnan, N (2020): “How Gig Economy Start-ups and Social Enterprises are Facing the Lockdown,” Hindu, 8 April,  

Salamon, Errol (2009): “Digitizing Freelance Media Labor: A Class Of Workers Negotiates Entrepreneurialism And Activism,” New Media and Society, Volume 22, No 1, pp 105–122, 

Salve, Prachi and Shreehari Paliath (2019): “India’s Gig Workers: Overworked and Underpaid,” Indiaspend, 4 June, 

Shalev, Yuval (2020): “The Pandemic’s Impact on the Gig Economy,” ERE Media, 17 April,  

Stewart, Andrew and Jim Stanford (2017): “Regulating Work in the Gig Economy: What are the Options?” Economic and Labour Relations Review, Vol 28, No 3, pp 420–437, 

Tiwari, Siddharth, Sharmila Ganesan Ram and Sidharatha Roy (2019): “What Is It Like to Work in a Gig Economy Job,” Times of India, 12 February, 

Veen, Alex, Tom Barratt and Caleb Goods (2019): “Platform-capital’s ‘app-etite’ for Control: A Labour Process Analysis of Food-delivery Work in Australia,” Work, Employment and Society, Vol 34, No 3, pp 388–406,

Wood, Alex J, Mark Graham, Vili Lehdonvirta and Isis Hjorth (2019): “Good Gig, Bad Gig: Autonomy and Algorithmic Control in the Global Gig Economy,” Work, Employment and Society, Vol 33, No 1, pp 56–75, 

Woodcock, Jamie and Mark Graham (2020): The Gig Economy: A Critical Introduction, Cambridge: Polity Press. 

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Portable benefits are the future of the gig economy




The decisive win for Proposition 22 in California on November 3 shows a likely majority of voters—even in the most progressive states—see the value of flexible work that allows people to generate income on demand. That value has only grown amid an ongoing economic crisis that has hammered employment in nearly every industry in New York and left thousands searching for immediate opportunities to earn income.

Rather than repeat California’s tumultuous past year, New York’s leaders should learn from it and deliver what voters are asking for: a bold plan to ensure that independent workers in all sectors can access universal, portable benefits, gaining financial security without losing flexible work.

It was just over a year ago that California passed Assembly Bill 5 into law, which established strict guidance on classifying workers as independent contractors and challenged the ability of app-based platforms to operate. California’s new ballot measure reverses course, allowing app-based drivers to work as independent contractors while extending a range of benefits—and earning the support of workers, tech companies, and voters.

In New York and across the nation, the problem has grown increasingly clear. Far too many workers in the gig economy live in a state of perpetual financial precarity. Few have access to the benefits that typically flow from full-time employment — including health care, worker’s compensation, paid leave, life insurance, retirement savings, and more.

The result is an unacceptable level of risk for workers and their families, and the potential for the further erosion of the middle class.

But faced with so many obstacles to an inclusive economic recovery, tackling this challenge shouldn’t require a knock-down, drag-out fight. Instead, New York policymakers should bring together workers and industry to establish a universal system of portable benefits for the future workforce.

This system would allow New Yorkers to tap into the flexible, income-generating opportunities that gig platforms are providing — even amid a major economic downturn — while ensuring that independent workers have the financial security to thrive.

Under this system, benefits from health care to retirement accounts would move with independent workers from job to job. Freelancers, gig economy workers, and other independent contractors would have the ability to access a wide range of benefits through a regulated exchange, including offerings from established companies, nonprofit organizations, unions, start-ups, and government. As is the case in Oregon and California, employers and platform companies should make substantial financial contributions to at least some of these benefits.

To ensure that lower-wage workers are equally supported, legislators could levy a small surcharge on services rendered through app-based platforms—similar to New York’s current Black Car Fund—with the revenue used to cover any employee contributions to portable benefits for lower-income workers.

New York policymakers are not alone. Recent initiatives in Oregon, Colorado, Washington, and Philadelphia demonstrate growing support for the portable benefits framework—with Oregon’s approach showing particular promise.

Now New York has the opportunity to fit all of these pieces together into a visionary, integrated system: taking decisive action to rebuild a more inclusive economy while gaining a major competitive advantage over other states where the future of independent work is in doubt.

As California’s experience with AB 5 and now Proposition 22 makes clear, the most effective path forward is to create systems that support the financial security of independent workers — not limit their existence.

Winston C. Fisher is co-chair of New York City’s Regional Economic Development Council. Eli Dvorkin is the editorial and policy director for the New York City-based Center for an Urban Future.

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Comprehensive Report on Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market 2020 | Size, Growth, Demand, Opportunities & Forecast To 2026




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Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market research report is the new statistical data source added by A2Z Market Research.

“Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market is growing at a High CAGR during the forecast period 2020-2026. The increasing interest of the individuals in this industry is that the major reason for the expansion of this market”.

Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market research is an intelligence report with meticulous efforts undertaken to study the right and valuable information. The data which has been looked upon is done considering both, the existing top players and the upcoming competitors. Business strategies of the key players and the new entering market industries are studied in detail. Well explained SWOT analysis, revenue share and contact information are shared in this report analysis.

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Note – In order to provide more accurate market forecast, all our reports will be updated before delivery by considering the impact of COVID-19.

Top Key Players Profiled in this report are: 

Couchsurfing, Lyft, Uber, Door Dash, Airbnb, Uber, Postmates, GoGoGrandparent, BlaBlaCar, Airbnb, Upwork, Task Rabbit, Fiverr, Lyft, SilverNest, Zipcar, Rover

The key questions answered in this report:

  1. What will be the Market Size and Growth Rate in the forecast year?
  2. What are the Key Factors driving Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market?
  3. What are the Risks and Challenges in front of the market?
  4. Who are the Key Vendors in Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market?
  5. What are the Trending Factors influencing the market shares?
  6. What are the Key Outcomes of Porter’s five forces model?
  7. Which are the Global Opportunities for Expanding the Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market?

Various factors are responsible for the market’s growth trajectory, which are studied at length in the report. In addition, the report lists down the restraints that are posing threat to the global Gig Economy and Sharing Economy market. It also gauges the bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, threat from new entrants and product substitute, and the degree of competition prevailing in the market. The influence of the latest government guidelines is also analyzed in detail in the report. It studies the Gig Economy and Sharing Economy market’s trajectory between forecast periods.

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Global Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market Segmentation:

Market Segmentation by Type:

Gig Economy
Sharing Economy

Market Segmentation by Application:

Shared private car
Shared private residence
Independent contractor

Regions Covered in the Global Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market Report 2020:
• The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries and Egypt)
• North America (the United States, Mexico, and Canada)
• South America (Brazil etc.)
• Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia UK, Italy, France, etc.)
• Asia-Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia, and Australia)

The report provides insights on the following pointers:

  1. Market Penetration: Comprehensive information on the product portfolios of the top players in the Gig Economy and Sharing Economy market.
  2. Product Development/Innovation: Detailed insights on the upcoming technologies, R&D activities, and product launches in the market.
  3. Competitive Assessment: In-depth assessment of the market strategies, geographic and business segments of the leading players in the market.
  4. Market Development: Comprehensive information about emerging markets. This report analyzes the market for various segments across geographies.
  5. Market Diversification: Exhaustive information about new products, untapped geographies, recent developments, and investments in the Gig Economy and Sharing Economy market.

Table of Contents

Global Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market Research Report 2020 – 2026

Chapter 1 Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market Overview

Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Industry

Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers

Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region

Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions

Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type

Chapter 7 Global Market Analysis by Application

Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis

Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers

Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders

Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis

Chapter 12 Global Gig Economy and Sharing Economy Market Forecast

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Human cloud platforms could offer gig workers stock as payment under SEC proposal




November 30, 2020

The US Securities and Exchange Commission is proposing rules that would allow gig economy platform companies such as Uber Technologies Inc. (NYSE: UBER) and DoorDash Inc. the ability to offer workers on their platforms compensation through stock. The announcement came last week.

“Work relationships have evolved along with technology, and workers who participate in the gig economy have become increasingly important to the continued growth of the broader US economy,” SEC Chairman Jay Clayton said. “The rules we are proposing today are intended to allow platform workers to participate at a measured level — up to 15% of their compensation — in the growth of the companies that their efforts support.”

The rules would allow the compensation on a temporary basis over a five-year period and limit it to no more than 15% of annual compensation and no more than $75,000 over three years.

The proposed rules will be subject to a 60-day public comment period.

Markets Insider reported that it is unclear if the Biden administration will finalize the program.

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