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Gig-economy click farms surge during Covid-19

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Underground businesses that employ real people to facilitate fraudulent services such as fake clicks, CAPTCHA hacking and traffic inflation have seen a surge of interest in the past six months as the world has been plunged into a global recession, according to a report by fraud detection firm ClickCease.

While the dark web has copious fraud on offer, those looking to take advantage of these services need not look beyond the open web. Searching for ‘buy bot traffic for website’ or ‘buy clicks for website’ in major search engines yields tens of thousands of results. Many of these fraud instigators actually pay search engines to feature first in such search terms.

Fraudsters employ techniques of varying sophistication to facilitate this fraud, such as infecting devices with malware, taking over or spoofing IP addresses, and employing bots to generate clicks. But a new report from ClickCease has uncovered a growing economy of fraudulent marketplaces that pay real people to click on ads.

These sites operate in a similar way to gig-economy firms like TaskRabbit, employing a roster of tens of thousand of freelance workers to complete tasks. But instead of cleaning houses or assembling furniture, these workers are asked to click on ads, download apps and complete CAPTCHAs, and can earn US$100 per month to do so.

During Covid-19, such fraud marketplaces have offered a source of income to the millions of people who have been let go or found themselves in trying financial circumstances. According to ClickCease’s report, the majority of workers at such fraudulent sites come from low-income countries including India and Vietnam.

ClickCease co-founder Ilan Missulawin noted: “The underground ad click economy is only increasing in scale due to minimal enforcement and the challenges of Covid-19, as more people are being enlisted to make money without having to leave their homes.”

The 20 most prominent Pay to Click (PTC) sites, including Paidvert ScartletClicks and PTCShare, claim to have paid out more than US$13.2 million to online freelancers working in this gig economy, ClickCease found. With each worker paid 5 cents a click, this equates to 266 million ads clicked, ClickCease reports.

Traffic to these sites has surged in the past six months, ClickCease reports. One of the largest sites, NeoBux, has reached a peak of 9 million visitors per month. ScarletClicks achieved a 41% increase in traffic within six months to 1.3 million visits in September 2020. PTC Share has seen a 13% increase in traffic to 1.2 million visits a month.

Some sites offer the ability to evade detection by buying “safe” clicks. For example, Fivesquid offers $5 packages to deliver certain amounts of “safe” AdSense Clicks, such as real human visitors from the US, groups of clicks where the ‘user’  spends a minimum amount of time on a site, and clicks spaced out across a day.

Despite the fact that these sites violate Google’s terms and conditions, several vendors freely advertise on Google’s paid search terms for keywords such as “organic clicks”. For instance, Serpclix in its ad “discusses a pool of thousands of microworkers to optimize your organic CTRs and boost rankings”.

Clicks is one of the easiest advertising metrics to game. ClickCease has found that at least 15% of clicks on pay-per-click (PPC) ads through contracts with online advertising platforms, most notably Google, are invalid.

Beyond clicks, workers are employed to solve CAPTCHA verification tests, which are used to determine whether a user is a human or a robot.

One CAPTCHA-solving farm, 2Captcha, offers to solve 1,000 CAPTCHAS for $0.77 and claims to have more than 2,000 workers online at any one time. Deathbycaptcha.com offers solving rates at $1.39 per 1,000. 

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Economy

Gig workers are employees; start treating them as such, Opinion

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Wed, Jan 20, 2021 – 5:50 AM

ONE of America’s largest grocery chains, Albertsons, announced this month that it would replace many of its staff delivery drivers with independent contractors working for the delivery service DoorDash. Those contractors will not receive important labour protections that have been provided to the full-time employees they will be replacing.

For years, companies and legislators have debated whether so-called gig workers like those who drive cars for Uber or deliver groceries for DoorDash should be entitled to benefits like minimum wage and unemployment insurance. But in the wake of a California ballot proposition passed in November and a rule just released by the Trump administration, it appears that the erosion of labour protections is advancing aggressively.

When the gig economy sprang up during the Obama years, it seemed novel. Companies like Uber used software to offer assignments to people on call who set their own hours. One major caveat: as independent contractors, these workers wouldn’t get traditional wage protections, workers’ compensation, health insurance or unemployment benefits. But that didn’t stop the quick expansion of the gig economy.

In 2019, California legislators sought to improve life for gig-company workers, passing a law that required companies to treat app-deployed workers as employees. In response, the companies spent US$200 million promoting Proposition 22, a state ballot initiative that affirmed gig companies’ classification of their workers as contractors while enshrining limited protections.

This hybrid labour category came from an unexpected source. In 2015, Seth Harris and Alan Krueger, labour economists from the Obama administration, argued against giving gig workers employment status. Instead, they proposed a compromise: app-deployed workers could receive some rights, like tax withholding and a right to organise, but not others, such as a minimum wage and unemployment insurance.

But researchers like us who have documented the exploitive conditions of gig work worried that this approach would hurt a much larger group of service workers – just as the Albertsons decision will.

App workers need the same benefits afforded to traditional workers, including payment for time between assignments, unemployment benefits and the right to organise. The pandemic, which greatly worsened conditions for delivery workers and “shoppers” (the people assembling grocery orders), has exposed just how vital basic protections are for vulnerable workers.

In ongoing research with colleagues at Northeastern University, one of us, Dr Schor, analysed a delivery platform that converted its California workers to employees before the passage of the 2019 law. Both top and middle management said they felt positively about the switch, citing improved performances and increased productivity that partly offset the costs of employment protections.

GRUELLING REALITY

In ethnographic research on Uber and Lyft ride-hail drivers, Dr Dubal found that, contrary to the companies’ promises of freedom and flexibility, longtime drivers feel trapped in gruelling work schedules and controlled by their algorithmic bosses. Notably, these findings undermine Uber and Lyft’s arguments against employment status.

In a bad omen for workers outside California, Dara Khosrowshahi, the chief executive of Uber, has vowed to support efforts similar to Proposition 22 elsewhere. Lyft, a competitor, is behind political action committees that will support candidates who will protect its business model. Shawn Carolan, a venture capitalist whose firm has invested in Uber, has written that the Proposition 22 model should be extended to other industries, such as education, healthcare and computer programming – which would increase the number of Americans who toil without a safety net or predictable earnings.

In some sense, gig-economy companies have been moving in parallel with Washington. The Trump Labor Department this month released a rule, set to go into effect in March, that will make it easier for companies to designate their workers as independent contractors.

But the incoming Biden administration can undo the rule. And working with Congress, it can move to dignify app-deployed work by calling it what it is: employment.

The Biden administration can end the state-by-state, sector-by-sector battle over basic workers’ rights. It can clarify that exemptions from employment and labour laws violate the Fair Labour Standards Act, therefore invalidating Proposition 22.

Marty Walsh, Joe Biden’s nominee for labour secretary, can also move to revoke a Trump administration letter from 2019 that classifies gig workers as contractors. Perhaps most important, the Biden administration could work on winning passage of the Protecting the Right to Organise Act, which would untie the hands of workers who seek to organise their workplaces.

As inequality reaches record highs, the hybrid-worker category threatens the future of all service workers. With the building of progressive momentum to address racial and economic inequality, the Biden administration should expand protections for all workers, not allow them to erode for millions more. NYTIMES



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Latest Update 2020: Gig Economy Market by COVID19 Impact Analysis And Top Manufacturers: Prosper, Lime, Etsy, BlaBlaCar, VaShare, etc.

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The latest Gig Economy market report estimates the opportunities and current market scenario, providing insights and updates about the corresponding segments involved in the global Gig Economy market for the forecast period of 2020-2026. The report provides detailed assessment of key market dynamics and comprehensive information about the structure of the Gig Economy industry. This market study contains exclusive insights into how the global Gig Economy market is predicted to grow during the forecast period.

The primary objective of the Gig Economy market report is to provide insights regarding opportunities in the market that are supporting the transformation of global businesses associated with Gig Economy. This report also provides an estimation of the Gig Economy market size and corresponding revenue forecasts carried out in terms of US$. It also offers actionable insights based on the future trends in the Gig Economy market. Furthermore, new and emerging players in the global Gig Economy market can make use of the information presented in the study for effective business decisions, which will provide momentum to their businesses as well as the global Gig Economy market.

Download Exclusive Free Sample copy on Gig Economy Market is available at https://inforgrowth.com/sample-request/6910764/gig-economy-market

The study is relevant for manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, and investors in the Gig Economy market. All stakeholders in the Gig Economy market, as well as industry experts, researchers, journalists, and business researchers can influence the information and data represented in the report.

Gig Economy Market 2020-2026: Segmentation

The Gig Economy market report covers major market players like

  • Prosper
  • Lime
  • Etsy
  • BlaBlaCar
  • VaShare
  • Envato Studio
  • Fon
  • BHU Technology
  • Didi Global
  • Snap
  • Freelancer.com
  • Zipcar
  • Uber
  • Toptal
  • Stashbee
  • Eatwith
  • Lyft
  • Couchsurfing
  • PeoplePerHour
  • Spotahome
  • Care.como
  • E-stronger
  • Silvernest
  • Upwork
  • Fiverr
  • Steam
  • Hubble
  • Home Away
  • Omni
  • Airbnb
  • JustPark
  • Airtasker

    Gig Economy Market is segmented as below:

    By Product Type:

  • Asset-Sharing Services
  • Transportation-Based Services
  • Professional Services
  • Household & Miscellaneous Services (HGHM)
  • Others

    Breakup by Application:

  • Traffic
  • Electronic
  • Accommodation
  • Food and Beverage
  • Tourism
  • Education
  • Others

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    Impact of COVID-19: 
    Gig Economy Market report analyses the impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on the Gig Economy industry.
    Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the disease has spread to almost 180+ countries around the globe with the World Health Organization declaring it a public health emergency. The global impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are already starting to be felt, and will significantly affect the Gig Economy market in 2020.

    The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought effects on many aspects, like flight cancellations; travel bans and quarantines; restaurants closed; all indoor events restricted; emergency declared in many countries; massive slowing of the supply chain; stock market unpredictability; falling business assurance, growing panic among the population, and uncertainty about future.

    COVID-19 can affect the global economy in 3 main ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disturbance, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets.

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    Gig

    Global Gig Economy Market Report Answers Below Queries:

    • What is the market size in various countries throughout the world?
    • What are the market size, share and market growth opportunities for Gig Economy Market?
    • What will be the business development opportunities in the upcoming years?
    • What are the current trends & competition in Gig Economy Market?
    • Which are the main key companies involved in Gig Economy market & what are their strategies?

    To know about the global trends impacting the future of market research, contact at: 
    https://inforgrowth.com/enquiry/6910764/gig-economy-market

    Industrial Analysis of Gig Economy Market:

    Gig

    Key Questions Answered in this Report:

    What is the market size of the Gig Economy industry?
    This report covers the historical market size of the industry (2013-2019), and forecasts for 2020 and the next 5 years. Market size includes the total revenues of companies.

    What is the outlook for the Gig Economy industry?
    This report has over a dozen market forecasts (2020 and the next 5 years) on the industry, including total sales, a number of companies, attractive investment opportunities, operating expenses, and others.

    What industry analysis/data exists for the Gig Economy industry?
    This report covers key segments and sub-segments, key drivers, restraints, opportunities and challenges in the market and how they are expected to impact the Gig Economy industry. Take a look at the table of contents below to see the scope of analysis and data on the industry.

    How many companies are in the Gig Economy industry?
    This report analyzes the historical and forecasted number of companies, locations in the industry, and breaks them down by company size over time. The report also provides company rank against its competitors with respect to revenue, profit comparison, operational efficiency, cost competitiveness, and market capitalization.

    What are the financial metrics for the industry?
    This report covers many financial metrics for the industry including profitability, Market value- chain and key trends impacting every node with reference to company’s growth, revenue, return on sales, etc.

    What are the most important benchmarks for the Gig Economy industry?
    Some of the most important benchmarks for the industry include sales growth, productivity (revenue), operating expense breakdown, the span of control, organizational make-up. All of which you’ll find in this market report.

    FOR ALL YOUR RESEARCH NEEDS, REACH OUT TO US AT:
    Address: 6400 Village Pkwy suite # 104, Dublin, CA 94568, USA
    Contact Name: Rohan S.
    Email:[email protected]
    Phone:
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    UK: +44 (203) 743 1898

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    Economy

    Trending News: Gig Economy Market Overview and Forecast Report 2020-2026 – Top players: Prosper, Lime, Etsy, BlaBlaCar, VaShare, etc.

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    Gig Economy Market report analyses the market potential for each geographical region based on the growth rate, macroeconomic parameters, consumer buying patterns, and market demand and supply scenarios. The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global Gig Economy market for 2020-2025.

    The “Gig Economy Market Report” further describes detailed information about tactics and strategies used by leading key companies in the Gig Economy industry. It also gives an extensive study of different market segments and regions.

    Download Exclusive Free Sample PDF along with few company profiles
    https://inforgrowth.com/sample-request/6910764/gig-economy-market

     

    The Top players are

  • Prosper
  • Lime
  • Etsy
  • BlaBlaCar
  • VaShare
  • Envato Studio
  • Fon
  • BHU Technology
  • Didi Global
  • Snap
  • Freelancer.com
  • Zipcar
  • Uber
  • Toptal
  • Stashbee
  • Eatwith
  • Lyft
  • Couchsurfing
  • PeoplePerHour
  • Spotahome
  • Care.como
  • E-stronger
  • Silvernest
  • Upwork
  • Fiverr
  • Steam
  • Hubble
  • Home Away
  • Omni
  • Airbnb
  • JustPark
  • Airtasker.

    Market Segmentation:

    By Product Type:

  • Asset-Sharing Services
  • Transportation-Based Services
  • Professional Services
  • Household & Miscellaneous Services (HGHM)
  • Others

    On the basis of the end users/applications,

  • Traffic
  • Electronic
  • Accommodation
  • Food and Beverage
  • Tourism
  • Education
  • Others

    Get Chance of 20% Extra Discount, If your Company is Listed in Above Key Players List
    https://inforgrowth.com/discount/6910764/gig-economy-market

    Impact of COVID-19:

    Gig Economy Market report analyses the impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) on the Gig Economy industry. Since the COVID-19 virus outbreak in December 2019, the disease has spread to almost 180+ countries around the globe with the World Health Organization declaring it a public health emergency. The global impacts of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are already starting to be felt, and will significantly affect the Gig Economy market in 2020.

    The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought effects on many aspects, like flight cancellations; travel bans and quarantines; restaurants closed; all indoor events restricted; emergency declared in many countries; massive slowing of the supply chain; stock market unpredictability; falling business assurance, growing panic among the population, and uncertainty about future.

    Buy Now this Report and Get Free COVID-19 Impact Analysis https://inforgrowth.com/purchase/6910764/gig-economy-market

    Reasons to Get this Report:

    • Gig Economy market opportunities and identify large possible modules according to comprehensive volume and value assessment.
    • The report is created in a way that assists pursuers to get a complete Gig Economy understanding of the general market scenario and also the essential industries.
    • This report includes a detailed overview of Gig Economy market trends and more in-depth research.
    • Market landscape, current market trends, and shifting Gig Economy technologies which may be helpful for the businesses that are competing in this market.

    Industrial Analysis of Gig Economy Market:

    Gig

    Study on Table of Contents:

    • Gig Economy Market Overview, Scope, Status and Prospect (2015-2020)
    • Global Gig Economy Market Competition by Manufacturers
    • Global Gig Economy Capacity, Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2015-2020)
    • Global Gig Economy Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Region (2015-2020)
    • Global Gig Economy Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type
    • Global Gig Economy Market Analysis by Application
    • Global Gig EconomyManufacturers Profiles/Analysis
    • Gig Economy Manufacturing Cost Analysis
    • Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
    • Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
    • Market Effect Factors Analysis
    • Global Gig Economy Market Forecast (2020-2025)
    • Research Findings and Conclusion Appendix – Methodology/Research Approach, Market Size Estimation, Data Source, Secondary Sources, Primary Sources, and Disclaimer.

    ENQUIRE MORE ABOUT THIS REPORT AT
    https://inforgrowth.com/enquiry/6910764/gig-economy-market

    FOR ALL YOUR RESEARCH NEEDS, REACH OUT TO US AT:
    Address: 6400 Village Pkwy suite # 104, Dublin, CA 94568, USA
    Contact Name: Rohan S.
    Email:[email protected]
    Phone: +1-909-329-2808
    UK: +44 (203) 743 1898
    Website:

    https://murphyshockeylaw.net/

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