In chaos theory, the butterfly effect is the sensitive dependence on initial conditions in which a small change in one state of a deterministic nonlinear system can result in large differences in a later state. ) He soon realized he'd made a very minor error during input on the second run which yielded a drastically different outcome. We’ll cover what the butterfly effect theory is and how small changes can have large effects. "The Butterfly Effect" is not a thing in and of itself. Edward Lorenz was a mathematician and meteorologist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology who loved the study of weather. [11], Following suggestions from colleagues, in later speeches and papers Lorenz used the more poetic butterfly. Recent re-examinations of this paper suggest that it offered a significant challenge to the idea that our universe is deterministic, comparable to the challenges offered by quantum physics.[21][22]. 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