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Gig Workers And Platform Workers: The Code On Social Security 2020 – Employment and HR




Gig Workers And Platform Workers: The Code On Social Security 2020

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The new Code on Social Security, 2020
(“Code”). The Code will replace nine
legislations which provided social security to the employees like
Maternity Benefit Act, Employees’ Provident Fund Act,
Employees’ Pension Scheme, Employees’ Compensation Act,
among others. The Code aims to provide uniformity in providing
social security benefits to the employees which was earlier
segregated under different acts and had different applicability and
coverage. The Code also aims to provide social security to a wider
group of employees as the code has recognized and covered workers
working in the unorganized sector. Several new concepts such as gig
workers, platform workers, fixed term employee etc. have been
coined which were previously not recognized under any labour
legislation. The Government has also published draft rules framed
under the Code. Through this article we would like to discuss the
new concepts and the benefits provided to them under the Code.

Gig Workers

The term gig worker is a newly introduced concept in India. In
general the term gig worker means someone who takes on hourly or
part-time jobs in everything from catering events to software
development. The work is usually temporary and completed during a
specified time under a nonstandard work arrangement. The Code
defines the term gig worker as, “a person who performs work
or participates in a work arrangement and earns from such
activities outside of traditional employer-employee
relationships”. The formal recognition of gig worker was the
need of the hour as the definition provides umbrella to a large
group of temporary workers. One can even be a part-time professor
and fit into the gig economy. Some common names include contingent
workers, freelancers and independent contractors etc.

The gig economy concept is very prominent concept in the west
amongst the youth. The concept allows students to take up jobs in
the early age and get exposure in their respective fields. The
benefits associated with such jobs will encourage people in India
to engage themselves in such jobs and avail benefits arising out of

Platform Workers

The term platform worker in general means a worker working for
an organization which provides specific services using online
platform directly to individuals or organizations. For example:
Uber, Ola, Zomato etc. As per the Code a platform worker means
“a person engaged in or undertaking platform work”. To
understand it better the definition of platform worker has to be
read with the definition of platform work which states that
platform work means “a work arrangement outside of a
traditional employeremployee relationship in which organisations or
individuals use an online platform to access other organisations or
individuals to solve specific problems or to provide specific
services or any such other activities which may be notified by the
Central Government, in exchange for payment.

Mandatory Registration

The Code also mandates for compulsory registration of both gig
workers as well as platform workers on an online portal to avail
benefits under the Code which shall be specified by the Central
Government. However, this registration is subject to fulfilment of
certain conditions, namely:

  1. He has completed sixteen years of age, but has not attained the
    age of sixty years;

  2. The worker has worked for not less than ninety days during the
    preceding twelve years;

  3. He has submitted a self-declaration electronically or otherwise
    in such form and in such manner containing such information as may
    be prescribed by the Central Government;

  4. Every eligible unorganised worker, gig worker or platform
    worker shall make an application for registration in such form
    along with such documents including Aadhaar number.

Social Security Benefits

Earlier, the labour laws did not provide for any social security
benefits to the workers working in the unorganized sectors but the
Code confers power upon the Central Government to frame welfare
schemes for the workers in the unorganized sector on the matters
related to:

  1. Life and disability cover;

  2. Accidental insurance;

  3. Health and maternity benefits;

  4. Old age protection;

  5. Creche; and

  6. Any other benefit as may be determined by the Central

These schemes may be wholly funded by the Central Government or
partly by the Central Government and partly by the State Government
or wholly funded by the contributions of the aggregators or partly
by the Central Government and partly by the State Government and
partly funded by the beneficiaries of the scheme or the aggregators
or wholly funded by the contributions of the aggregators or funded
from corporate social responsibility fund within the meaning of
Companies Act, 2013 or through any other source.

Way Forward

Introduction of these concepts would lead to provide better work
opportunities to students and would promote them to take up
non-regular jobs in the market. At the same time it would be a
lessor burden over the employer to not engage in traditional long
term employment commitments with the employees. The new concepts
would help in generating several small jobs which will be duly
regulated by the labour codes and also provide social security to
the employees. Further, it would be evident to see how these
sectors are practically regulated and what all schemes does the
Government come up with to provide benefits to the employees
working in the gig and platform based economy before making any
concrete statements. 

The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.

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Universal Basic Income can provide support for people in gig economy




Income supports encourage people to not work? Duh, June 4

In an era of self-regulation, it is presumed that all employers will follow all protocols to ensure the safety of their staff during COVID-19, but perhaps this is not the case, and some employees might prefer to stay at home, instead of facing an unprotected workplace.

Who could blame them?

As far as the Universal Basic Income, in the Ontario trial, is concerned, weren’t most of the participants already working at two jobs in the gig economy and these did not generate enough income to provide stable support to them?

Margaret Perrault, North Bay, Ont.

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New regulations to improve safety in the gig economy




New regulations requiring online platforms to provide food delivery riders with personal protective equipment and induction training have been announced by NSW Minister for Better Regulation Kevin Anderson.

A new penalty system for riders will also be introduced as part of the reforms “to crackdown on repeated unsafe practices”.

The NSW Government intends to finalise the regulations by November 2021. Public consultations on the proposed laws are expected in September 2021.

The reforms follow a safety blitz conducted by SafeWork NSW, which found 9 out of 10 food delivery riders were not wearing safe, high-visibility clothing. Forty percent of the riders observed were also riding in an unsafe manner.

The measures reflect the recommendations of the final report of the Joint Taskforce into Food Delivery Rider Safety (the Taskforce), which was released on 5 June 2021. The Taskforce was setup in November 2020 to investigate the deaths of 4 food delivery riders in 2020, and to identify safety improvements for the industry.

Other recommendations in the Taskforce’s final report include:

  • further compliance monitoring of the food delivery sector by SafeWork NSW
  • ongoing enforcement activities by NSW Police to ensure food delivery riders comply with road rules
  • finalisation of the Guide to Managing WHS in the Food Delivery Industry, as well as the development of supporting factsheets in multiple languages
  • the provision of reported incident data to food delivery platforms to assist continual improvement of compliance within the industry, and
  • development of guidance on delivery bag standards by Transport for NSW.

Explore further on CCH Pinpoint® — Topic Guide: Gig economy.


Minister for Better Regulation and Minister for Transport and Roads, New laws to drive safety outcomes in the gig economy, [media release], 5 June 2021, accessed 7 June 2021.

SafeWork NSW and Transport for NSW, Joint Taskforce: Food Delivery and Rider Safety (Final Report), 1 April 2021, 7 June 2021.

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Gig Economy Market to Grow with Sustainable CAGR During 2021 – 2026




Gig Economy  Market to Grow with Sustainable CAGR During 2021 – 2026

The business intelligence report of Gig Economy market accurately predicts the industry’s performance for the upcoming years to aid stakeholders in making beneficial decisions. Important data points like the growth catalysts, restraints, and lucrative prospects molding the market dynamics are deeply analyzed in the report.

Moreover, the study identifies the major challenges for businesses and offers insights into the opportunities that will help the industry progress in unexplored territories. Moreover, the report factors in the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic for stronger realization of the growth trajectory of this domain.

Key highlights from the COVID-19 impact analysis:

  • An overview of the pandemic’s effect on the global economy
  • Supply and demand changes in the industry
  • Current and future market trends in relation to the pandemic

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An overview the regional landscape:

  • As per the report, the geographical landscape of the Gig Economy market is divided into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East & Africa, South East Asia.
  • An overview of the growth patterns of each regional industry over the stipulated timeframe is cited.
  • Sales, revenue, and growth rate of each regional contributor is included in the report.

Other highlights from the Gig Economy market report:

  • The product segment of the Gig Economy market is classified into Asset-Sharing Services,Transportation-Based Services,Professional Services,Household & Miscellaneous Services (HGHM) andOthers.
  • The revenue and sales volume predictions of each product type is incorporated in the document.
  • Other important aspects like growth rate, market share, and production patterns of each product type over the analysis period are provided.
  • The application segment of the Gig Economy market is divided into Traffic,Electronic,Accommodation,Food and Beverage,Tourism,Education andOthers.
  • Market share and growth rate of each application segment over the assessment timeframe are enumerated as well.
  • The competitive landscape of the Gig Economy market is defined by key players such as Prosper,Lime,Etsy,BlaBlaCar,VaShare,Envato Studio,Fon,BHU Technology,Didi Global,Snap,,Zipcar,Uber,Toptal,Stashbee,Eatwith,Lyft,Couchsurfing,PeoplePerHour,Spotahome,Care.como,E-stronger,Silvernest,Upwork,Fiverr,Steam,Hubble,Home Away,Omni,Airbnb,JustPark andAirtasker.
  • The report also consists of information regarding the industry share held by every company, along with their pricing models and gross margins.
  • The report evaluates the competition trends and their business implications.
  • Industry value chain analysis with respect to top manufacturers, vendors, and buyers are incorporated in the document.
  • The Gig Economy market report also provides Porter’s five forces analysis and SWOT assessment to determine the feasibility of new project.

Reasons to access this Report:

  • Get to know opportunities and plan strategies by having a strong understanding of the investment opportunities in the Gig Economy Market
  • Identification of key parameter driving investment opportunities in the Gig Economy Market
  • Facilitate decision-making based on strong historic and forecast data
  • Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the industry’s growth potential
  • Develop strategies based on the latest reports.
  • Identify key partners and business development avenues
  • Respond to your competitors’ business structure, strategy and prospects
  • Identify key strengths and weaknesses of important market participants

The key questions answered in this report:

  • What will be the market size and growth rate in the forecast year?
  • What are the key factors driving the Global Gig Economy Market?
  • What are the risks and challenges in front of the market?
  • Who are the key vendors in the Global Gig Economy Market?
  • What are the trending factors influencing the market shares?
  • What are the key outcomes of Porter’s five forces model?
  • Which are the global opportunities for expanding the Global Gig Economy Market?

Table of Contents for market shares by application, research objectives, market sections by type and forecast years considered:

Gig Economy Market Share by Key Players: Here, capital, revenue, and price analysis by the business are included along with other sections such as development plans, areas served, products offered by key players, alliance and acquisition and headquarters distribution.

Global Growth Trends: Industry trends, the growth rate of major producers, and production analysis are the segments included in this chapter.

Market Size by Application: This segment includes Gig Economy market consumption analysis by application.

Gig Economy market Size by Type: It includes analysis of value, product utility, market percentage, and production market share by type.

Profiles of Manufacturers: Here, commanding players of the global Gig Economy market are studied based on sales area, key products, gross margin, revenue, price, and production.

Gig Economy Market Value Chain and Sales Channel Analysis: It includes customer, distributor, market value chain, and sales channel analysis.

Market Forecast: This section is focused on production and production value forecast, key producers forecast by type, application, and regions

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