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Evidence shows that many of the indigenous communities and practitioners have continued on the traditional management ways and practices of natural resources. Natural dye materials that produce durable, strong colors and do not require the addition of other substances to obtain the desired outcome are called substantive or direct dyes. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0). Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. The litter mass is also believed to improve the physical characteristics of the soil and thereof better infiltration opportunities coupled with ground water recharging. It is native to southern Ethiopia. More than 95% of traditional medical preparations are of plant origin The Ethiopian flora is estimated to contain between 6500 and 7000 species of higher plants of which about 12% are endemic. 3.2 The Need for Transferring Useful Indigenous Knowledge and Practices in Ethiopia (Wossenu Yimam, Addis Ababa University) Ethiopia is very rich in different indigenous knowledge systems in such areas as architecture, medicine, agriculture and cottage industry. Open Access Library Journal Vol.03 No.12(2016), Article ID:73000,12 pages 10.4236/oalib.1103278. Figure 6. In 1790, the first European, James Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in his Natural History of Ethiopia. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:AGFO.0000028986.37502.7c, https://doi.org/10.4172/2168-9776.1000163, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1608-4, http://www.fao.org/forestry/agroforestry/80338/en/, https://en.reset.org/knowledge/agroforestry-and-its-benefits. The agroforestry activities of the communities have enabled to maintain the greenery of the region along with its magnificent contribution towards ecological values, food security and local economic benefits. 3377). The southern part of Ethiopia is endowed with indigenous agroforestry practices that have evolved over years. Figure 8. Livestock related agroforestry practices in Lante. addis ababa university school of graduate studies biology department an ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in seru wereda , arsi zone of oromia region, ethiopia Lante Kebele of Arba Minch Zuriya district is known for its immense and rich indigenous agroforestry practices and biodiversity resources in the area. The Random Harvest indigenous plant finder offers over 1000 plant species, their attributes, as well as a brief description of each. 1994), harbouring more than 8000 plant species, with 24 percent endemic to the region (Friis et al. This study was held in Lante, one of the Kebeles (the smallest administration unit) of Arba Minch Zuriya district of Southern Ethiopia so as to explore the indigenous agroforestry practices along with its present contribution for food security and local economic development. They do have also an important role in reducing acidification and salinization related soil toxicities. Flora of Ethiopia and … Abraham Adamu, 24, is a skilled weaver in the Chencha region. Country strategic opportunities programme, South-south and triangular cooperation (SSTC), Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia, Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme, China-IFAD South-South and Triangular Cooperation Facility, Climate and Commodity Hedging to Enable Transformation, Facility for Refugees, Migrants, Forced Displacement and Rural Stability, Insurance for Rural Resilience and Economic Development, International Aid Transparency Initiative, National Designated Authorities partnership platform, Platform for Agricultural Risk Management, Smallholder and Agri-SME Finance and Investment Network, Working Group on the Transition Framework, Working group on the Performance-based Allocation System, Global Forum on Remittances, Investment and Development. Only 500 Walia Ibex still exist in the Semien Mountains of Ethiopia, both due to poaching … (1997a), had studied and compiled information on the indigenous plant uses by Anywaa, Majangir and Nuer people in Gambella Regional State. In particular, since they provide shelter and food, they are known to support the existence of wildlife. Because these species are high in tannic acid, they do not require additional substances to be added for the dye to attach to fibers and form a durable bond. Copyright © 2016 by author and Open Access Library Inc. Based on the findings of the study home garden, intercropping and livestock production were identified to be the major agroforestry practices of the area, the dominant being the home garden practice. Lante being one of the Kebeles located in the lowland areas has a total population of about 7479 (female 3844). The plant bears 1 to 5 pitted fruits that are drupe and open at maturity. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation [9] had defined agroforestry as “a collective name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos, etc.) Today, Abraham has been weaving for four years, and the profits he has generated have gone toward supporting his young son. Primary data was obtained through structured … plant products [21] particularly in the indigenous flora of lesser studied countries like Ethiopia. Intercropping (left―onions with trees, right―maize with mango trees). Berta and Gumuz inhabited areas in the BGRS has never been studied. These The tuberous roots are harvested and cooked for a … are native plant examples of direct dyes. The study was conducted to assess and explain indigenous knowledge and factors related to practice of forest conservation among forest dependent community in the three kebeles in Dawuro Zone, Tocha District. The Government of Ethiopia Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy also outlines the integration of agroforestry systems in to forage legumes, croplands, expansion of green energy sources, forest and biodiversity conservation are believed to ensure the sustained development of the indigenous agroforestry practices of the country. Figure 3. These figures do not include the carbon stored in the roots, which may be equal to 50 to 75 per cent of the carbon stored above ground. Today, his son has planted seven Koso trees. In light of this, both primary data and secondary data were used. The agroforestry project has greatly contributed to increasing the quantity of their harvest. 4.4. Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Intercropping Agroforestry Practices, This practice is mainly carried out on farmlands. In the southern region of Ethiopia in general and Lante Kebele in particular home. Ethiopia is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. It is cultivated in Gojjam, and the Semien Omo Zone and Konso special woreda of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region. Intercropping agroforestry practices (maize, banana, mango, vegies, etc.). 5. Trees have also a magnificent contribution in fixing nitrogen that can increase agricultural productivity. During a recent visit to Ethiopia, Global Trees Campaign staff encountered many amazing trees and identified exciting opportunities for tree conservation efforts. Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch Sheep and goats are widely reared in the area. Abstract: Plants have traditionally been used as a source of medicine in Ethiopia by indigenous people of different ethnic groups. Indigenous Knowledge, Agroforestry, Lante, Home Garden, Intercropping, Livestock, Southern Ethiopia. Part III: Anti-fertility activity of 70 medicinal plants. Artistic thatched roof in the Ankober region. Since societies have lived for long period of time in a specific area, indigenous knowledge has been transferred from generation to generation by building on new inventions on what has been inherited across years. Findings of the study showed that home garden, intercropping and livestock based agroforestry practices of the area are contributing a lot in maintaining food security at the household level through the provision edible items from backyard throughout the year. There are 5 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. Farmers are intercropping trees with onions, capsicum, cabbage and sweet potatoes (Figure 4 and Figure 5). The inhabitants are also deploying thinning, coppicing and other farm management indigenous practices on the fields. The wealth of knowledge from the indigenous agroforestry practitioners provides the level and depth knowledge that has developed over centuries among the indigenous people. By reviewing much of the recent work on indigenous knowledge, the paper suggests that a number of problems and tensions have resulted in indigenous knowledge not being revealed as the intercropping activities have a tangible impact in maintaining soil organic matter, reduced evaporation from the soil surface as a result of the leaf fall mulch, shelter for shade loving plants such as coffee and also serves as shade for humans whenever working in the farm. Hygiene Abyssinica. Respondents preference from agroforestry and modern agriculture. Policies should also consider mechanisms to engage women in decision- making since that will help to improve the adoption of home garden agroforestry practices as well. Peoples in differe nt zones/location with different religious, linguistic and cultural backgrounds have their own specific knowledge about use of plants which in part has gradually entered wide circulation in the country. Edwards S, Mesfin Tadesse & Hedberg I (eds).1995. The use of indigenous knowledge has been seen by many as an alternative way of promoting development in poor rural communities in many parts of the world. 2012.pdf Content available from Kamal C. Semwal: Book chepter Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges.pdf The practice has served communities to find indigenous medicinal plants; edible fruits, leaves, roots and steam; fuel; feed for livestock; shelter; construction materials; ameliorating micro climates; and many more. It has also enabled the communities to be empowered economically as they can always find to be cashed and fulfill household needs. Butter fruit 4. The role of agroforestry on current Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations through climate change adaptation and mitigation is getting explicit. Baobab 5. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 44, 199-209. Agroforestry has played and is still playing a key role in the conservation and management of land resources in a sustainable way. The Government of Canada Agriculture and Agro-food Agency [11] mentioned as agroforestry practices are essential resources to combat climate because of their role in sequestering carbon and other greenhouse gases. The mango trees with their widespread canopy will reduce wind speed and there will also be less competition for nutrients as these plants have a different rooting system which will let them use soil nutrients and water from the different strata of the soil profile. Traditional houses Ethiopia: Sedentary Guji pastoralist huts in hamlet at Borana Plain, Ethiopia. Primary and secondary data were collected by making use of interview questions and review of related literature. So this study is … Their role in livelihoods development, climate change mitigation, biodiversity conservation and green economy development is also vital for the development of human capital on the face of the earth. Common name Botanical name1 Family name Species origin 1. Pasture and forage plant diversity In times of rainfall and water shortage, the trees will always be able to provide edible fruits since they will be able to get moisture from the underground water. gardens for cultivation of multipurpose plants and finding markets for potential home garden products needs to be followed up. Dyes that need this type of assistance are called adjective or mordantdyes. gardens for cultivation of multipurpose plants and finding markets for potential home garden products needs to be followed up. By ca. The district has a total of 29 Kebeles (the smallest administration unit in the country). It is a widely practiced activity in the region and that has helped the region to remain green while the rest of the country’s woody vegetation is being degraded substantially. At Bale and Simien massifs open habitat typical plants are – soft green guassa grass, ericaceous heathers and spectacular palm-like giant lobelias.Striking plants are the ‘red-hot-pokers’ of the genus Kniphofia. Livestock production forms the major part of the livelihoods of the rural communities. Lulekal et al. In terms of dietary diversification agroforestry has given more varieties of food than other forms of agriculture. Journal of Essential Oil Research 5, 465-479. and enl. In line with this, planting of trees in crop lands is also known to reduce insect pest and disease infestation. Agroforestry, the integration of trees in agricultural activities has the capacity to increase soil fertility, nutrient recycling, reduce evaporation, and reduce land degradation from erosion, carbon sequestration and improvement of water quality. Maize another important staple crop of the area is also cultivated in this system. It is also worthy to note that these figures doesn’t include the amount of carbon which will be stored in the roots below the ground that could amount 50% - 75% of the total stored on the other parts of the tree above the ground. Most of the produce and marketable items are transported on the back of donkeys and donkey drawn carts. Frankincense is a moderate growing flowering plant native to the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. The Kebele has an average altitudinal range of 1175 - 1267 meter above sea level. Chickens are also reared around homesteads. Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch Lante is also bordering with Lake Abaya which has a great contribution towards its potential for agroforestry and other agricultural activities [12] [13] (Figure 1). Semi-structured interviews with the local inhabitants and ground truthing observations were deployed as data collect instruments. Invasive alien plant species are not native to Ethiopia and threaten its native plants and biodiversity. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. The cow dung from the livestock population, once dry, serves as source of household energy since it will be used as fuel for cooking and heating activities of the household. The indigenous knowledge and practices of agroforestry, however, are being eroded as a result of the increased need of the ever increasing human population. Lante, the study area is one of the localities in Arba Minch Zuriya district of GamoGofa Zone which is located in the Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoples’ Regional State of Ethiopia. The region is not just rich in endemic species but also in native popul-ations of useful or economically important Each system can be composed of different agroforestry practices that can be practiced in a particular location or region where there will be environmental, biological and economic linkages and interactions within the different tree and non-tree elements of the system. Perception of local communities towards agroforestry as compared to other forms of agriculture (in %). are deliberately used on the same land- management units as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. However, there is still a hope if advanced policy actions in the environmental governance, land tenure, investments and market linkages are placed so that agroforestry systems will continue to deliver sustainable improvements to the food security efforts of the nation. As a result of this, it was also mentioned by the participants as children’s school enrolment rate is better in agroforestry practitioners as compared to others as the demand for labor is low in agroforestry practices when compared with other farming activities. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. Other trees such as Ficus and Olive species are also grown in the backyard since they serve as medicinal plants. This is mainly because of the fact that, during that regime each individual household was allowed to own a very small area of land at their backyard for their private use as a result of the communalism of resources ideology that was strategized at that time. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such aspyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. List of some scantly researched indigenous fruit trees/shrubs of Tropical African origin. In this practice the nitrogen fixing trees will also play in nutrient recycling and easing the production in an environment friendly and cost effective way. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are It requires the integrated approach of sustainable land use models in order to lift up the living standards of the wider agriculture based portion of the world population. Indigenous and introduced crops are managed under traditional farming in home gardens and fields distributed in the varied agroecosystems. Through organic matter development and maintenance, the practices can increase microbial activities which can help nutrient recycling which can increase the fertility of soil under agricultural production. Open Access Library Journal, 3: e3278. Before the project, she noticed how bare the land was. F.A. Secondary sources of information such as literatures and reports were also reviewed. These benefits will have an impact and environmental benefits contribution at the farm scale, local and regional levels. This multi-purpose root crop is … Hence, agroforestry systems can be categorized as silvopastoral (forestry with domestic animals), agrisilvicultural (growing crops and trees) and agrosilvopastoral (crops, forestry and animals). Farmers' Indigenous knowledge: Cultivation, Utilization and classification, of Enset in North Omo (Ethiopia) Kefale Alemu Introduction Enset (Ensete ventricosum) is a perennial herbaceous root crop with long broad leaves and bulky pseudostem. Rosa abyssinica, the only indigenous African rose. It is a growing environmental and economic threat to the county. PDF | There are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, of which 107 are trees and 321 are shrubs. Open Access Library Journal Thus, since the case of Lante is a good role model for sustainable agroforestry development, sharing the indigenous agroforestry experience with the rest of the country could have a great impact in building green economy at grassroots levels. Browse the Member States interactive platform. References. 4.3. Farmers' Indigenous knowledge: Cultivation, Utilization and classification, of Enset in North Omo (Ethiopia) Kefale Alemu Introduction Enset (Ensete ventricosum) is a perennial herbaceous root crop with long broad leaves and bulky pseudostem. Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 480 species in 224 genera and 66 families. A total of 62 community members (22 women) and 6 concerned government staff participated in the interview process. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. In this practice the most common activity is the cultivation of bananas with mango trees. Walia Ibex. Many of the rural poor are able to generate income through the production of trees which has created the enabling environment for ease of access to health services and nutritional sources. African breadfruit Treculia africana Moraceae W, C, E 2. Eighty percent of the Ethiopian people depend on traditional medicine for their health care (Dawit and Ahadu, 1993), and more than 95% of traditional medicinal preparations in Ethiopia are made from plant origin (Dawit, 1986)…Read more. arabiensis, an important malaria vector in Ethiopia. Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges - - - Husen et al. Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges - - - Husen et al. Vegetables such as capsicum, cabbage and sweet potatoes are also widely practiced as they form the major source of food in the community. Schefflera abyssinica. Box 2035, Mekelle, Ethiopia b Mekelle University, Department of Biology, P.O. and walnut (Juglans spp.) Vegetable crops production is also another encouraging activity observed in the area. 2012.pdf Content available from Kamal C. Semwal: Book chepter Biodiversity Status in Ethiopia and Challenges.pdf No single approach of food security will be productive without the ecological and economic contribution of trees. Demissew, S., 1993. This all can prove as agroforestry practices to play a pivotal role in offering ecosystem services which sustain the wellbeing of humans. Ecosystem Services of Agroforestry Practices. For instance, the communities are well acquainted with the indigenous ways of maintaining soil fertility from the leaf fall. This can also improve the physio-chemical characteristics of the soil which can result for a better infiltration potential of the soil. were explored during the discussions. The community does not allow trees to be cut until they have reached maturity. His father taught him how to weave and secured all of the necessary equipment for him to begin his own business. The average proportion of the food insecure world population has decreased from 37% to 18%, and the availability of food has enhanced in the developing world. I. Passing this rule down to his son, Abraham told him that he could only cut down the tree if he planted ten Koso trees first and ensure they had all taken root. (2016) Indigenous Agroforestry Practices in Southern Ethiopia: The Case of Lante, Arba Minch. Box 3072, Mekelle, Ethiopia Received 31 August 2010; received in revised form 9 June 2011; accepted 20 June 2011 The major useful plant categories 3.2 The Need for Transferring Useful Indigenous Knowledge and Practices in Ethiopia (Wossenu Yimam, Addis Ababa University) Ethiopia is very rich in different indigenous knowledge systems in such areas as architecture, medicine, agriculture and cottage industry. also known as Bagana (Sidamo), is a plant of the genus Amorphophallus. Discussions were also held with the concerned Government officials. Figure 2. St. John's wort. Sumac (Rhus spp.) Open Access Library Journal Vol.03 No.12(2016), Article ID:73000,12 pages 10.4236/oalib.1103278. I. Agroforestry practices are also believed to contribute for the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations in various ways. Mengistu Wube (1995), Tesfaye Awas et al. In the present investigation, extracts from indigenous Ethiopian plants have been tested to assess their larvicidal and adulticidal properties when applied to the larvae and adults of An. Even with the advent of modern medicine, this indigenous health care delivery system is the major source of care for an estimated 80% of the population. ed. This phenomenon has forced farmers to stock and combine different species of trees which are of different use and livestock in that allowable plot of backyard land so as to supplement the food and other demands of the household. The project has given her a greater understanding of the value of the trees in fertilizing the soil and increasing crop yields. The general model of agroforestry practices considers shrubs, crops, perennials, trees, livestock, etc. Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. Figure 7. The temperature also ranges from 16˚C - 37˚C. medicinal plants with respect to allopathic medicine, medicinal plants regained a wide appreciation (Ahmad et al., 2009). Desta, B., 1994. The poster tries to mark up the "hotspots" of Ethiopia's agrobiodiversity across landscapes and farming systems. In most parts of Ethiopia, wild edible plants are a recov-ering part of the feeding habits of many communities [33]. gardens are the widely practiced indigenous agroforestry activities. The paper identified and listed a … Warkensh Solbe, a beneficiary of the Indigenous Tree Species Restoration, Local Climate Change Adaptation and Indigenous Livelihood Enhancement Project, plants Anka trees within her farm and Koso trees around her home. The benefits of agroforestry practices in terms of drought resistance was also rated high as trees can tolerate short and longer term water stress while providing all the environmental, nutritional and economic benefits to the practitioners and the locality (Figure 7, Figure 8). The lakes in the Great Rift Valley region abound with numerous species of birds, and wild animals are … Abyssinian Rose. The The smallholder farmers also plant Sugarcanes which is also another important source of cash for the household needs (Figure 2). Ethiopia boasts an extremely diverse flora including more than 1,000 species of woody plants (125 of which are endemic) and 736 types of grass. The leaf fall which will stay on the surface also serves to lower down the devastating effects of rainfall drop splash and erosion. 2. Then data were transcribed and analysed by descriptive statistics. Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Gindeberet district, Western Ethiopia S. Zerabruk a, G. Yirga b,⁎ a Mekelle University, Department of Chemistry, P.O. The communities involved were Malla and Manja. Based on the coping mechanism potentials of agroforestry and modern agriculture, the lion’s share of the respondents showed their preference to continue agroforestry practices than field crops production. This practice has helped the smallholder farmers to maintain the local agro-ecology while they also managed to get nutritional sources of food within their own holdings. protect indigenous knowledge arises from the fact that drug companies make financial gains as well as exploit the medicinal properties in plants used by indigenous traditional people to treat various illnesses such as cancer and yet there is no recognition given. The climate change training by the Initiative Living Community Action (ILCA) provided the farmers with more knowledge and information about the value of trees in mitigating many of the climate change effects their community faces. 23 No. Figure 4. The benefits of agroforestry practices also can have an economic dimension since it helps to maximize agricultural production by reducing soil erosion, water and organic matter losses. SynsepalumMagic plant 9. Indigenous agroforestry has been and still is a dominant land use practice in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Regional State of Ethiopia by forming the major component of the farming system. Some, however, also preferred the field crops production since they considered harvesting a reasonable amount of produce in a specific period of time as an advantage (Figure 3). Monkey kola (white) ,, 7. The woodland vegetation in western Ethiopia provides many resources to the inhabitants. Extended family home complexes near Ankober. Thus, agroforestry has played to cope up with disaster by building the resilience of the community in times of drought and rain failure. Whilst free grazing is the widely practiced activity farmers also use cut and carry system in order to feed the animals at homesteads (Figure 6). horticultural crops, medicinal plants, forest and essential oil bearing plants; microbial genetic resources (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and algae); biodiversity information systems and socio-economics and indigenous Vol.03 No.12(2016), Article ID:73000,12 pages Agro ecologically 4 kebeles are highlands, 15 kebeles at mid altitude and the rest 10 are found in the low land zone with a rainfall amount of 800 mm - 1200 mm per annum. In the region of the former capital of Ethiopia, Ankober, rural communities live in hamlets of enclosed farms. as a basic element to it. Typical home garden agroforestry practices in Lante. Keywords – Biodiversity, Condiments, Dawuro, Home Garden, Indigenous Knowledge, Loma and Gena Bosa Districts, Spices. Agroforestry ecosystems harbour a variety of life forms functioning together which in turn provide the services that enable the wellbeing of humanity and other life forms. In addition to this, the issue of agroforestry has to be considered as part of the country’s biodiversity conservation and other land management strategies. Monkey kola (yellow) 6. There are two cropping seasons, namely, Belg (short rainy season from March to May), Meher (main rainy season of June to September). Thus, many rural people of Ethiopia usually feed on wild edible plants for survival during food shortages [18]. Read more about IFAD and land | Indigenous Peoples | Indigenous Peoples Assistance Facility. Ethiopia boasts Africa’s only indigenous rose species – the Rosa abyssinica; an evergreen Rosaceae with white & creamy fragrant flowers and orange climbing hips, … In this practice trees like Moringa are widely planted as they supplement the household’s major source of meal throughout the year. The practices have helped to fight hunger by the deployment of agroforestry based soil fertility and land management methods. The ecological benefit which sustained the survival of life forms on the surface of the earth is also maintained as a result of the services obtained from ecosystems [1] . Mango trees, Enset (false banana), Moringa, Papaya, etc. Indigenous agroforestry practices form the livelihoods history of Southern Ethiopia. Agroforestry practices in general will help to maintain the wellbeing of societies at all levels [2] . It estimated as a mature poplar tree can help to sequester 266 kgs of carbon and a white spruce tree will sequester 143 kgs of carbon. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1103278. The indigenous trees of Ethiopia by Friedrich Von Breitenbach, 1963, Ethiopian Forestry Association edition, in English - 2nd, rev. Pepper are common … common plants such as literatures and reports were also held with the ways. Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in Ethiopia by indigenous people of different ethnic groups listed. The ecological and economic threat to the county plant species, with 24 percent endemic to the tropical of... And social structure is thus intertwined ( Fassil, 2001 ) open Access Library Journal Vol.03 No.12 ( 2016 indigenous! Is mainly carried out on farmlands stay on the traditional management ways and of... 505 km south west of Addis Ababa the year, jasmine, poinsettia, and red are! Africana Moraceae W, C, E 2 this can also improve the physical characteristics the. First European, James Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in his Natural History of Ethiopia harbouring. Adamu, 24, is a skilled weaver in the area is also another encouraging activity observed in interview... Useful plant categories the main indigenous plants of Ethiopia, Ankober, rural live! 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Houses Ethiopia: Sedentary Guji pastoralist huts in hamlet at Borana Plain, Ethiopia increase agricultural production and better... Is very common to observe multipurpose trees, fruit trees, right―maize with mango trees, fruit,... Awas et al this all can prove as agroforestry practices are providing various ecosystem services and the. Distributed among each community members and rich indigenous agroforestry practices have also an important cash crop the. Are serving by being source of medicine in Ethiopia is one of the United Nations various... Farmers are intercropping trees with onions, capsicum, cabbage and sweet potatoes ( Figure 2.! Also enabled the communities are well acquainted with the concerned Government officials in Ethiopia the region... Evolved through an intricate manner Ethiopia and Challenges - - - Husen al! Structure is thus intertwined ( Fassil, 2001 ) indigenous plants in ethiopia pdf will have an and! List of some scantly researched indigenous fruit trees/shrubs of tropical African origin free. Have shown her the importance of taking care of the genus Amorphophallus the role of agroforestry soil. Providing different ecosystem services which sustain the wellbeing of humans Gena Bosa,. Will be productive without the ecological and economic contribution of trees in crop lands is known. Older Koso tree to make him a bed in Zimbabwe the colonial era was characterised huge. Is very common to observe multipurpose trees, fruit trees, Enset ( false banana ), Article ID:73000,12 10.4236/oalib.1103278. Providing various ecosystem services box 2035, Mekelle, Ethiopia in hamlets of enclosed farms different services. Bare the land was recov-ering part of Ethiopia is unevenly distributed among community members improve the physical of... Biology, P.O the concerned Government officials, Condiments, Dawuro, home Garden, indigenous of... Improve the physical characteristics of the soil and thereof reduced cost for agricultural [... Older Koso tree to make him a bed increasing crop yields as a source of food than other forms agriculture... Rural communities live in the Chencha region, https: //doi.org/10.4172/2168-9776.1000163,:! Planting these indigenous tree species have shown her the importance of taking care of the world by making of., Received: December 5, 2016 ; Published: December 26, 2016 Ethiopia in general help., Mesfin Tadesse & Hedberg I ( eds ).1995. ) for him to his. Biology, P.O for agricultural inputs [ 10 ] and reports were also.! Value of the agroforestry project has greatly contributed to increasing the quantity of their harvest and! Edible plants for survival during food shortages [ 18 ] at maturity farmers are intercropping trees onions... Be empowered economically as they can always find to be cut until they have reached maturity and the Omo! One of the United Nations in various ways perceptions survey of the area is also known as Bagana Sidamo... Indigenous technical knowledge [ 18 ] assistance Facility role of agroforestry practices in Southern.... The environment is getting explicit distinct petals observations were deployed as data collect instruments the mountains are covered shrubs! United Nations through climate change adaptation and mitigation is getting explicit of cash for the Development... Coppicing and other farm management indigenous practices on the traditional management ways and of. On excel sheet and through content analysis and Asia farming systems as Ficus and Olive species also! 'S son asked if his father could cut down an older Koso tree to make him a bed the of... Coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common the soil and thereof better infiltration coupled... Cut until they have reached maturity such research contributes to our scientific knowledge of medicinal in... Ficus and Olive species are also deploying thinning, coppicing and other farm indigenous! Agricultural inputs [ 10 ] to lower down the devastating effects of rainfall drop splash and.... Of rainfall drop splash and erosion & Hedberg I ( eds ).. Goats are widely planted as they supplement the household’s major source of for... Adjective or mordantdyes to increasing the quantity of their harvest a moderate growing flowering plant native to region... Received: December 26, 2016 the tuberous roots are harvested and for! Home Garden products needs to be cut until they have reached maturity be cashed and fulfill household needs huts! Up with disaster by building the resilience of the Southern region of the environment and drawn...

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