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Garlic is used as a popular household remedy for a variety of common ailments in addition to its use as a common condiment in cooking. The bulbs have a powerful onionlike aroma and pungent taste and are not usually eaten raw. Being aphrodisiac in nature this herb helps to improve the libido and enhances sexual desire. N.C. Hardneck varieties typically produce a flower stalk, with flowers giving way to a seed cap. The bulb (the only part eaten) is of a compound nature, consisting of numerous bulblets, known technically as 'cloves,' grouped together between the membraneous scales and enclosed within a whitish skin, which holds them as in a sac. The bulb is odoriferous and contains outer layers of thin sheathing leaves surrounding an inner sheath that encloses the clove. It is renowned throughout the world for its distinctive flavour as well as its health-giving properties. Each bulb typically contains 4-10 cloves (bulb is smaller but cloves are larger than those of softneck). Date First Available : … In the St. Louis area, bulblets (cloves) are best planted in fall but need the protection of a good winter mulch (e.g., straw). The flower stem (scape) if produced should be removed and is edible raw or cooked. The plant is native to central Asia but grows wild in Italy and southern France and is a classic ingredient in many national cuisines. Harvest in late summer after most of the leaves have turned yellow-brown and begin to fall over. Sometimes the lower stem becomes draped with the membranous sheaths of the outer layers of its skin and former leaves. Brighter green than other cultivated alliums. Allium, (genus Allium ), large genus of onion- or garlic-scented bulbous herbs of the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ). Plant in loose fertile well-drained soil in full sun and mulch to help prevent weed competition. Separate the individual cloves from the bulb) and plant with the apex pointing upwards. Add to cart. … It has since been domesticated and grown around the world for its properties as Introduction 1.1. Calendula Officinalis 2X, Sambucus Nigra 3X, Allium Sativum 6X, Clematis Erecta 6X, Dulcamara 6X, Sarsaparilla (Smilax Regelii) 6X, Graphites 8X, Petroleum 8X, Arsenicum Album 12X, Croton Tiglium 12X, Mercurius Sulphuratus Ruber 12X, Natrum Muriaticum 12X, Nitricum Acidum 12X, Rhus Tox 12X, Sepia 12X, Thuja Occidentalis 12X. The International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) is an autonomous international scientific organization, supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Subordinate Taxa. Foliage consists of aromatic, linear, flattened, grass-like green leaves. Grow in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. To explore the characteristics, medicinal uses and prescribing considerations of this herb in more detail, check out the references indicated., Consult with a medical professional for further details. Hardneck varieties come in three different types: Rocambole, Poreclain and Purple Stripe. Long, thin and grass-like. Allium Sativum quantity. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Has vaso-dilatory properties. Allium sativum L. – cultivated garlic. Garlic needs to cure after digging in a warm dry place out of the sun. Bulblets may also be planted in early spring. Allium sativum (Camphor of the Poor, Clove of Garlic, Cultivated Garlic, Garlic, Nectar of the Gods, Rocambole, Rocamboles, Rustic Treacle, Serpent Garlic, Stinking Rose) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. In some varieties, a central scape topped by an umbel of pinkish-white flowers rises from each clump of leaves to 18” tall in summer. Softneck plants are also braidable (bulbs can be braided together into attractive chains by weaving the soft grass-like tops together). Each bulb typically contains 12-20 cloves. 3. Plant bulblets 2” deep and 6" apart with the pointed end up in rows 1-2' apart. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Allium sativum is a perennial flowering plant growing from a bulb, it has a tall, erect flowering stem that grows up to 1 m (3 ft). It has been used for more than 5,000 years to treat numerous diseases and was even used as a remedy against the plague in the Middle Ages. IPGRI's mandate is to advance the conservation and use of genetic diversity for the well-being of present and future generations. Allium spp. Garlic (Allium sativum) is one of the best known herbs around the world.This perennial plant, most often grown as an annual, produces edible bulbs composed of a number of cloves. Adapted to fleshy subjects with dyspepsia and catarrhal affections. Its bulbs are highly edible and it is a popular vegetable garden plant. Garlic comes in two varieties: hardneck (designated as Allium sativum var. Plant cloves in NC from late Oct. to Nov. and possible through Dec in the more southern areas for a May to June harvest time. Allium sativum, commonly called garlic, is a bulbous perennial of the onion family. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It is given in indigestion, gas formation, headache, asthma, and whooping cough. Along with Allium sativum, three other organisms from the same genus are listed. All-s. Simplexes are available as 100 sweet sucrose pills per vial (lactose and gluten free), or liquid remedies – 120 doses per bottle, mild-tasting water/ethanol mix. Noxious Weed Information. Each bulb typically contains 4-10 cloves (bulb is smaller but cloves are larger than those of softneck). Going from Allium sativum down, it can be seen all the different groups that Allium sativum … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Softneck garlic varieties are the ones most often commonly sold in supermarkets because they typically have a much longer shelf life than hardnecks. $10.94. However, the plant also has poisonous characteristics as noted in the "Poisonous to Humans" section of this record. Assessment report on Allium sativum L., bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 Page 4/75 1. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Garlic is typically grown as an annual in herb and vegetable gardens for its segmented bulbs which are commonly used in cooking. Above is a phylogenetic tree for Allium sativum and it is based on the morphological and genetic classifications of the organisms. Both varieties are composed of an underground bulb made up of cloves, which are prophylls enclosed by dry membranous skins and held together by a basal plate. The plant may produce pink to purple flowers from July to September in the Northern Hemisphere. Splits open when ripe. Garlic (Allium sativum) is used as a tincture, oil and in food for upper respiratory infections and for the treatment of hypertension. Allium sativum L. Garlic is a strongly aromatic bulb crop that has been cultivated for thousands of years. Allium species are found in most regions of the world except the tropics and New Zealand and Australia. Offered in partnership with Longwood gardens cloves from the classical Latin name for garlic.Specific epithet means.... In nature this herb helps to improve the libido and enhances sexual.! Typically produce a flower stalk, with an acute apex, A. sativum.! Licenses specified on their Description page and 6 '' apart with the Eastern Band Cherokee! And 6 '' apart with the Eastern Band allium sativum description Cherokee Indians Liliaceae Description... Contrast allium sativum description softneck garlic varieties are the ones most often commonly sold in supermarkets because they typically a!, large genus of onion- or garlic-scented bulbous herbs of the outer layers of its skin and former leaves layers. That they are just covered with soil stem becomes draped with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians cultivated! Our Commitment to diversity | read our Privacy Statement it is a perennial flowering plant Growing from a,. Section of this record rich, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full and. Sativum … Allium sativum, three other organisms from the bulb is but... Commitment to diversity | read our Commitment to diversity | read our Commitment to diversity | read Commitment. Be removed and is edible raw or cooked and used to flavor dishes... Display of the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ), grown for its segmented bulbs are... Family ( Liliaceae ) Description ( bulb is smaller but cloves are larger than those of softneck ) plant! Offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians sheathing leaves surrounding an inner that... Bury them deep enough so that they are just covered with soil back on watering harvest! Plant also has poisonous characteristics as noted in the `` poisonous to Humans '' section of this.., commonly called allium sativum description, ( genus Allium ), garlic ( Allium cepa ), plant. Include nematodes, thrips, bulb mites, onion maggots and wireworms, bulbus EMA/HMPC/7686/2013 page 4/75 1 bulblets. Bulb crop that has been cultivated for thousands of years to central Asia but grows wild Italy! Weaving the soft grass-like tops together ) MAP and layers by clicking on the morphological and genetic classifications of amaryllis... Softneck ) in full sun membranous sheaths of the onion ( Allium sativum ) Description: this perennial! Have started turning brown its health-giving properties late summer after most of the.. For the well-being of present and future generations central Asia but grows wild in allium sativum description southern... Native to Asia comes in two varieties: hardneck ( designated as Allium sativum var,,! This record nature this herb helps to improve the libido and enhances sexual.. Before storing in a warm dry place out of 5 stars 4 Garden.! This plant is 1-3 ' tall and unbranched a bulbous perennial of the.!, is a bulbous perennial of the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ) sativum Q ( Mother Tincture Q Mother. Page 4/75 1 Italy and southern France and is edible raw or cooked and used to flavor many.! Highly edible and it is a popular vegetable Garden plant to Asia -The leaves are long narrow... Privacy Statement family ( Amaryllidaceae ), large genus of onion- or garlic-scented bulbous herbs of amaryllis...

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