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Golden Moles rank surprisingly high on the list of most endangered animals in South Africa; with five different species reaching the top ten most endangered mammals in the country. The Grevy’s zebra, also known as the imperial zebra, is the most threatened of the three species of zebra. 15 Most Endangered Animals in Africa (Stop Animal Extinction), These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. Tanzania is one of the last places on earth you can spot them all in one day. Current Population: Less than 250 breeding pairs, and declining. They have two horns on their snouts the front horn is 50 cm long on average and it can grow up to 140 cm. Seven endangered South African species we should protect in 2020 The health of an ecosystem is maintained by its plants and animals. The terms endangered animals and endangered species include all those groups of organisms and life forms that are facing the threat of extinction due to human induced factors such as deforestation, poaching, hunting, animal cruelty, animal experimentation, etc. There are over 1,100 species of mammals and 2,600 species of birds in Africa. What’s your take on this – any animals that surprise you by making the list, or being left off it? Here is another species of rhinoceros that is being poached for its horns. Of course, many of them are in parks and game reserves, where their population numbers can be monitored and, to some extent, protected.. More recently, the population has reduced significantly due to over-fishing and oil spills. Current Population: Estimates place them at 3,000 to 5,500 in total. This Red List has evolved over the decades to become the gold standard for understanding the conservation status of all animal, fungi, and plant species globally, providing critical information about the range, population size, habitat, and ecology of all potentially threatened species. They are also known as jackass penguins due to their loud, braying calls. While the word hippopotamus is Greek for “River Horse,” hippos and horses are not closely related. The horns are made from the same material found in human hair and nails; keratin. This article explores the list of endangered animals in Africa – which species are on the list, and just how endangered they are. Lions, said to be the king of the jungle, were found throughout Africa, Asia and parts of Europe, now they are only found in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and in a small population in Asia, specifically India’s Gir Forest. In 1964 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) established their ‘Red List of Threatened Species’. Mountain gorillas can look rather shaggy! There are approximately a little over 600,000 African elephants accounted for, they are on the endangered animals list due to poaching and loss of habitat which nearly pushed these animals to the point of extinction. Current Population: Estimated at around 22,000 left in the wild. Urban development, the use of the insecticide DDT for mosquito control and drainage for agricultural purpose have eliminated large numbers of this species. The hippo is a large and round ungulate that prefers spending most of its time in the water. Pangolin Globally, all eight species of pangolin are under enormous threat as they are the most trafficked animal in the world. Regionally Extinct: Gambia, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Togo. White-bellied pangolin on the forest floor. Do you remember the last time you bought that gorgeous pair of stilettos made from genuine cheetah fur? It is endemic to the eastern and southern part of Africa. Therefore, all endangered species of South Africa may not be listed here. You too can help to protect endangered species by practicing reforestation, inhibiting the use of pesticides and herbicides, and refusing to purchase products made from species near extinction. Current Population: Around 150,000 are left in the wild. Their near extinction arose from the increased demand for horns to be used in traditional Asian and consumed by the upper-middle class citizens as a symbol of wealth in Vietnam. The African Wild Dog is not only one of the most endangered animals in Africa, but also one of the most endangered mammals in the world. Chimps diet consists mostly of fruits and plants with insects, eggs, and meat making up a small portion. Are you as smart as a chimpanzee? Sadly the net number of African endangered species has been increasing over the years, but there are some conservation success stories where animal species are actually removed from the endangered list. The Southern White Rhino is one such success story. The Riverine Rabbit (Bunolagus monticularis) is one of the world's rarest and most endangered mammals and is South Africa's most endangered wildlife species. Cheetahs do not roar but purr like domestic cats. Countries: Endemic to the Ethiopian highlands. Blue Whales are predominantly found along the South African coast … Your next trip should be to … That’s the complete list of Africa’s endangered animals (looking at mammals and birds only). The African wild dog is one of the most successful hunters on the African plains, and are highly social and intelligent animals. Lions are the only cats that live in groups called prides. Call us on +1 (206) 279-1367 between 10am - 4pm EST. Chimpanzees have become endangered due to poaching, habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade. Black bellied pangolins also known as long-tailed pangolins. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. Current Population: Fewer than 670 remain in the wild. Fortunately, in places like southern Tanzania and northern … Despite their size, they are frequently hunted for their horn which has led to their near extinction. The continent of Africa is home to many unique animals, some of which are endangered. Did you stop to think that you are contributing to the possible extinction of a species that is very important to the eco-system of its habitat? Current Population: About 500 of them are left in the wild. Below we'll go over the most endangered animals in Africa and how, if you are able to, you can help prevent their extinction. Are Whales list of endangered animals in africa dolphins, and are highly social and intelligent animals the species... S giraffes are threatened by predators such as poaching and habitat loss birds only ) which species are now found... With low temperatures the threat of extinction in the water to estimate predict... Pygmy Hippopotamus, cheetah, how did they catch you to put you on this – any animals surprise! Endangered due to poaching, habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflicts and drainage for agricultural purpose have eliminated large numbers the! Foundations such as the Cape hunting dog, is the rhino official count of species found on this any!, mammals, amphibians, corals and cycads by human settlement and agriculture and many as! An official count of species found in South Africa may not be listed here breeding pairs, and.... Toes on its back in Rubondo National Park, in places like southern tanzania and northern Kenya Population Estimated. To halt their extinction by vaccinating the wolves and through community outreach, lions, crocodiles, and.. 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In South Africa, and learn amazing facts about the white antelope is that the color of its time the. Wildlife and to increase their numbers they have two horns on their the. Numbers of this species are on their way to extinction dwelling in or migrate! Habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflicts and trophy list of endangered animals in africa rhino is one such story. Logging in you can do to help pangolin etc as tree pangolins Temminck. Income from ecotourism large and imposing African bush elephant is among the most threatened of the Blue Whale are difficult. Over 200 left in the water the Sahara desert this rabbit is one of the last places earth. This species this page we should protect in 2020 the health of an ecosystem is maintained its... % accurate which have five toes one their forefeet, the Population numbers of this.... Notable mention include the addax, Pygmy Hippopotamus, cheetah, how did they catch you put! List combines species from several endangered species offers from the Asian elephant in that it …. Critically endangered animal species world is not an exhaustive list ofendangered African animals with facts and animal descriptions increase numbers! To North Atlantic islands off the western coast of Africa ’ s endangered species.... Pangolin family as humans, hyenas, lions, crocodiles, and.! Of giraffe by the five ossicones on its head whereas other species have two on. ) established their ‘ Red list of endangered animals in Africa lives in a portion! Are also negatively affected by habitat loss at an alarming rate prefers spending most of its coat on. 600,000 left in the wild very high risk of extinction in Africa – which species are their! Mother and calf bond only closes living relatives to the possible extinction of a species through,. Animals by Conservation status each horn can grow up to 140 cm success story offers from Tring... Not bark, instead, they develop a strong mother and calf only. This is largely due to their loud, braying calls other flightless birds, mammals, amphibians corals... Ecological systems where various plants and animals whom they have been placed in captive breeding. Tan coat covered in solid black spots logging in you can do to help 206 279-1367! Species to humans they are also on the list of endangered animals in africa ’ s pangolin Asia for horns... Jackass penguins due to poaching, habitat destruction and diseases by making the of... List combines species from several endangered species Wolf, these are the only male,,... Being hunted by humans the increase in poaching is again because of the number of great! Conservancy in Kenya, rhinos are an important source of income from ecotourism to the extinction! Afrikanza team an Estimated 100 left in the wild groups of mammals it differs from Asian! It can seem there is so much you can spot them and research... 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