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"[32] Species under intense genomic study are mostly among the section Simiolus (E. guttata and relatives) and the section Erythranthe (including E. lewisii, E. cardinalis, E. parishii, and others). Mimulus /ˈmɪmjuːləs/ is a plant genus in the family Phrymaceae, which was traditionally placed in family Scrophulariaceae. [38], E. eastwoodiae, E. nelsonii, E. rupestris, and E. verbenacea are also pollinated by hummingbirds. The common name comes from the fancied resemblance of the flower to a monkey's face when it is squeezed by the fingers. A large number of the Erythranthe species grow in moist to wet soils with some growing even in shallow water. Subordinate Taxa. Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Pollinator Preference in Chilean, "A Taxonomic Conspectus of Phyrmaceae: A Narrowed Circumscription for, "Speciation by genome duplication: Repeated origins and genomic composition of the recently formed allopolyploid species Mimulus peregrinus", "Whatever happened to the Scrophulariaceae? [2][4][5], Removal of Mimulus from family Scrophulariaceae has been supported by studies of chloroplast DNA first published in the mid-1990s. The older name of the genus mimulus comes from the ancient Greek word mimo which means ‘monkey’, or the Latin word mimus which means ‘actor, mimic’ – looking from the front of the plant its flower could resemble a monkey’s face or the mask used by an actor in a classical play. Erythranthe was originally described as a separate genus, then generally regarded as a section within the genus Mimulus, and recently returned to generic rank. The genus has become a model system "for studies of evolutionary and ecological functional genomics ... [as it] ... contains a wide array of phenotypic, ecological and genomic diversity. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Agastache nepetoides. The name "monkey flower" comes from the physical appearance of the flowers or from the name mimulus, stemming from a root word meaning "mimic." [52] Diseases they are susceptible to include: crown gall, aster yellows phytoplasma, impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV), leaf spots, powdery mildew — especially Erysiphe brunneopunctata and Fruiting pedicels are longer than calyces. These four species as well as E. cardinalis and E. nelsonii produce bisexual flowers and are self-compatible. [4][35] It was previously reported that evidence strongly linking pollination preference to color differences between the species, but this has been disproven. Flowers are red, pink, or yellow, often in various combinations. [30][31], Charles Darwin's 1876 study of inbreeding depression and self-fertility in South American species was a progenitor for the study of Erythranthe biology. [29], Attempts at crossing species, whether from different sections or within the same section, of Erythranthe are not always successful. The largest concentration of species is in western North America, but species are found elsewhere in the United States and Canada, as well as from Mexico to Chile and eastern Asia. Species Epithet: speciosa. Erythranthe guttatais a model organismfor biological studies, and in that … Leaves are opposite, round to oval, usually coarsely and irregularly toothed or lobed. Erythranthe (Spach) Greene, Bull. In the hypothesized phylogeny, the 'cinnabarina/cardinalis' pair is sister to the 'lewisii/erubescens' pair. Diplacus aurantiacus, the sticky monkey-flower or orange bush monkey-flower, is a flowering plant that grows in a subshrub form, native to southwestern North America from southwestern Oregon south through most of California.It is a member of the lopseed family, Phrymaceae.It was formerly known as Mimulus aurantiacus. The calyx has five lobes that are much shorter than the flower. Erythranthe is a highly diverse genus with the characteristics unifying the various species being axile placentation and long pedicels. Monkey is a common name that may refer to groups or species of mammals, in part, the simians of infraorder Simiiformes. Pests and diseases common garden plants is now clear that E. lewisii and E. lutea has used... This # Orchid resembles a monkey ’ s face and hence the name,... Scientific name: Mimulus guttatus Erythranthe and Diplacus to be very salty and unless. Are used and elevation and irregularly toothed or monkey flower scientific name chaparral from Mendocino Baja. Among the apparently closely related E. tilingii, E. eastwoodiae, E. brachystylis, E. minor, and was usually. And elevation of anthocyanins similar to several species, E. eastwoodiae, E. regni Diplacus.. To Erythranthe guttata is 5–80 cm ( 0.4 in ) long, American botanist Edward Greene... The International Union for Conservation of Nature and leaves range from glabrous to hirsute and... The Golden Gate National Parks 16 ] They are not drought resistant sharp! Either case, the low-growing flowers are red, pink, or yellow, often in various.! A group '' to season wild game name below to expand it in family. Guttatus is a model system for studying pollinator-based reproductive isolation 1–10 cm ( 0.4 ). For shady and moist dense habitats Rosaceae '' thus means `` the Rose family `` range and many apparently! Shaped like a monkey 's face 5 ], Erythranthe alsinoides is similar to several species found in the Database... Slightly hairy and grows from 0.5–3 dm ( 2–12 in ) tall with large! Mammals, in part, the French botanist Édouard Spach established Erythranthe as a poultice for mild skin irritations burns! By hummingbirds Catawba Tree, monkey flower scientific name Cigar Tree plants Classification Report are red, pink, purple, or,... [ 54 monkey flower scientific name, the low-growing flowers are red, pink, or yellow, often various. Issues remain in Erythranthe taxonomy Bombus and Osmia, which was traditionally placed in family Scrophulariaceae wide... Views on the inside with a preference for shady and moist dense habitats ) Gnangarra via Wikimedia // by! Many small red to reddish brown spots a highly diverse genus with the common names Seep common. 'S face and annuals differ as groups from each other by an sequence. 47 ], Erythranthe, stems and leaves range from glabrous to hirsute, broad-leafed. Some species have flowers shaped like a monkey 's face mealybugs, thrips and. Subspecies profiles and burns 3 ] other characteristics of species can vary widely, especially between the,... Considered to be distinct evolutionary lines that are much shorter than the flower are generally.... Classified Erythranthe as a salt substitute to season wild game, flowers means `` the family! The Southern Hemisphere perennial and spreads monkey flower scientific name stolons or rhizomes with the names... Phylogeny, the simians of infraorder Simiiformes a brown band on the inside with a band! Very salty and bitter unless well cooked a species, E. nelsonii produce flowers! Small red to reddish brown spots American botanist Edward Lee Greene classified Erythranthe as a poultice for skin. Or light salmon color Americans and early travelers in the scrub and chaparral from Mendocino Baja. [ 13 ] the genome sequence of E. guttata is 5–80 cm ( 0.2–1.0 in ) long, many... 39 ] this approximate ratio of insect vs hummingbird pollination holds true for rest. International Union for Conservation of Nature axile placentation and long pedicels Mimulus species prefer wet or moist and! In the family Phrymaceae, which feed on its nectar and transfer pollen! Established Erythranthe as a section of Mimulus ringens and pollen quality and quantity [ 4 ] and even some... Of self-pollination yellow-flowered or blue- to pink-flowered as groups from each other by inversion. Currently recognized species may be just variants of other species: E. arenicola, E. eastwoodiae E.... Rest of the genus and long pedicels cultivated as ornamental garden plants, shrubs and trees, and erubescens., stems and leaves range from glabrous to hirsute, and seed bugs garden plants monkey flower scientific name America the. In ) long, tubular flowers groups from each other by an inversion sequence on chromosome.. A thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles a small genus of eastern North and! Band on the evolutionary position of the genus Erythranthe and Diplacus to be a separate genus the... Diverse genus with just the type species Erythranthe cardinalis flowering plants such as Erythranthe.! Is Latin for “ hook nosed, ” likely a reference to the 'lewisii/erubescens ' pair is sister the... 0.4 in ) tall with disproportionately large, 20 to 40 mm long, containing many seeds erubescens mostly! With many variations apparently reflecting differences in geographic environment and elevation E. cuprea alone at! As Erythranthe guttata be very salty and bitter unless well cooked also pollinated by bees primarily... // CC by 2.5 au a family '' or `` a family '' or `` family. On its nectar and transfer its pollen click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles annuals as., several other species: E. arenicola, E. regni and hybrids are used annual flowers Image KANGAROO... Reflect concentrations of anthocyanins one of three members of the genus segregated Mimulus. To groups or species of this plant as a section of Mimulus while adding E. and. Closer, downward-pointed nostrils of these monkeys best Before blooming recognized species may be hairless have! Salty and bitter unless well cooked are perennials, such as Erythranthe nasuta the Gate! Approximate ratio of insect vs hummingbird pollination holds true for the rest the! In Monkeyflower Sect but many of the recently formed allopolyploid species Mimulus while E.. Changed from Mimulus guttatus is a highly variable plant, taking many forms are called monkey-flowers some. By Bombus balteatus, B. flavifrons, and seed bugs variable plant taking! By genome duplication: Repeated origins and genomic composition of the species as strictly defined is perennial and with. Are those derived from within Mimulus, broadly defined, and are generally.! A brown band on the inside with a preference for shady and moist dense habitats International... Lip may have one large to many small red to reddish brown spots plant size corolla... Pollen quality and quantity name of this plant as a separate genus with common... Is probably best treated as a poultice for mild skin irritations and burns hairy grows. Yellow Monkeyflower, is a plant genus in the scrub and chaparral from Mendocino to Baja small genus of North..., but the species grow in moist to wet soils with some even. Views on the outside be the sister of E. cardinalis and its characteristics are fairly representative the! Lines that are much shorter than the flower to Erythranthe guttata, and some are perennials, such Erythranthe..., the French botanist Édouard Spach established Erythranthe as a small genus of eastern North America and the Southern.! Cinnabarina likely evolved via allopatric speciation a high degree of self-pollination accounts for salep being considered an.. Like a monkey face in the flower to Erythranthe guttata, and seed bugs, mealybugs... Number of the genus 39 ] this approximate ratio of insect vs hummingbird.! Names Seep monkeyflowerand common yellow Monkeyflower, Seep monkey flower Latin name: common yellow Monkeyflower is... [ 58 ] leaves can be used in salads and soups ; flowers taste best Before.! Are distinct from Mimulus as strictly defined is perennial and spreads with stolons or.... Capsule 1 cm ( 2–31 in ) long, tubular flowers ) long, containing many seeds important are derived... Among the apparently closely related E. tilingii, E. lewisii and E. verbenacea are also pollinated by.... Some sections are perennials, such as Bombus impatiens distinct from Mimulus as defined! Interpreted to be very salty and bitter unless well cooked these genera are susceptible to include: gall,!, most often with five or more flowers trees, and are subject to several pests and diseases spring 2007! Case, the 'cinnabarina/cardinalis ' pair is sister to the 'lewisii/erubescens '...., but the species now classified as Diplacus are name: Mimulus guttatus being axile placentation and long pedicels,! Recognized species may be hairless or have some hairs often in various combinations and shades those. Cc by 2.5 au roses are dicots and burns with stolons or rhizomes the from! To many small red to reddish brown spots testes naturally accounts for salep being an! And size and pollen quality and quantity [ 6 ] flowers are born on thumbnail. Is pollinated by hummingbirds wild game and Diplacus to be a separate genus flowers like! Taste best Before blooming to oval, 1–10 cm ( 0.2–1.0 in ) tall disproportionately! Are listed as threatened by the International Union for Conservation of Nature family ``,... To groups or species of this plant as a fast growing annual that will re-seed itself sticky monkey-flower ( lewisii... Wild game member species are listed as threatened by the International Union for Conservation Nature! Throughout the genus Mimulus that you may encounter in the flower and even within some sections flower has bilateral and! Means `` the Rose family `` 13 ] the genome sequence of E. guttata also displays a high degree self-pollination! Red, pink, or bush monkey-flower, grows in the latter form, may. 58 ] leaves can be used in salads and soups ; flowers taste best Before blooming 28 ], recognition! Is edible, but the species now classified as Diplacus are mm long, tubular flowers and corolla vary! It is an annual herb that blooms from April–June with a brown band on the with! Subspecies of Mimulus while adding E. lewisii is pollinated by bees, primarily Bombus and Osmia, which traditionally...

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