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Hippos are can be found in the Wechiau Sanctuary in Ghana along the Volta river. It has become a serious obstacle to the natural regeneration of important native species of plants in some 22 countries. Taro or elephant ear is grown for its root vegetable, starchy form and it’s the leafy vegetable. Coconut oil is used in traditional medicine because of its healing properties. View of cacao pods in a cocoa tree at Tetteh Quarshie cocoa farm in Mampon on June 14, 2019, in Eastern Region of Ghana. This category contains the native flora of Ghana as defined by the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions.Taxa of the lowest rank are always included; taxa of higher ranks (e.g. Ghana Nursery Plants Products supplied by reliable Ghana Nursery Plants Manufacturers and Nursery Plants Suppliers - Made in Ghana The plant is native to … Women lead the production of this butter. The fruit of the avocado is used as a food in Ghana. Lantana camara has been reported to make animals ill after ingestion. Mondia figures largely in local herbal medicine; its roots and sap are reputed to stimulate appetite, relieve digestion problems and alleviate various gastrointestinal disorders. Strelitzia reginae is a flowering plant native to South Africa. Annona senegalensis takes the form of either a shrub or small tree, growing between two and six meters tall. It’s impossible to mention all the plants in Ghana in this post, which is why we have selected a number of plants. Mondia, also known as White’s ginger, is notable for large, heart-shaped leaves with clusters of yellow and purplish-red flowers. Jasmines. Its fruit is used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in the cosmetic industry. A small fishing village on Butre beach, Ghana. You can see undisturbed rainforest from its famous canopy walkway, as well as Mona monkeys and wild birds. This interactive photographic guide shall help you to identify higher plants from West African ecosystems. The roots of the coconut tree provide lipids, lauric acids, and the like, which can help cure skin diseases. /VCG Photo. Ghana is one of the leading suppliers of the butter and many communities in Northern Ghana depend on the tree as their source of income. The coconut palm is one of the most important cash crops in the coastal regions of Ghana. Distinguish Ghana's monitor lizards by their sheer mass. Mali - Mali - Plant and animal life: There are two main vegetation zones that correspond to the climatic regions of the Sudan and the Sahel. Planting trees here will help to restore degraded land that has been over-exploited for timber and agriculture. These include the herbaceous plant Aframomum melgueta, and Xylopia species. Coconut flesh and juice is known to be very nutritious, containing vitamins C, E, B1 and more. The process of species recognition, knowledge acquisition, and replacement has hardly been documented. The plant has long, red tentacles which are attached to the base of the plant. The gem of licorice plant is its root and people have been taking advantages of health benefits of eating licorice for medical uses including treating diabetes. Its blooming time is autumn, winter, and spring. Copyright photograph: Arne and Bent Larsen. Licorice; Licorice is one of the top plants in the list of medicinal plants in China and has been used as part of Chinese traditional medicine for over centuries. About this book . The small flowers of the cocoa tree grown on the trunk and older branches. It is one of the most popular perennial plants. On the tips of these tentacles are glands that produce an adhesive substance that traps an unsuspecting victim. There are many of these in the Tafo Area of the Kwahu Mountains, some looking like carefuly carved Artefacts. Ghana has a large variety of native and introduced plants. For an overview of Ghana's natural history see the "National Biodiversity Strategy for Ghana 2002" (CBD pdf file). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website and to gather statistics. #3: Spondias Mombin. 06.JPG 6,016 × 4,000; 6.46 MB Although, in Ghana they are mostly used to treat measles, diarrhea, and small pox. 20. It is mainly cultivated in Western, Central, Eastern, Ashanti and the Volta regions of the country. Therefore Ghana is a perfect place to grow taro. Plant these beautiful flowers in your garden and enjoy the visual feast. ), Copyright © 2018 CGTN. However, due to residential and commercial development, the number of shea trees has been greatly reduced. Native to the areas of the Eastern Cape: KwaZulu Natal, Gauteng and Limpopo, it is said to be effective in the fight against cancer, tuberculosis, HIV and other chronic conditions that are currently being researched. Ghana is one of the leading suppliers of the butter and many communities in Northern Ghana depend on the tree as their source of income. Like many native African plants, aloes are not frost tolerant and will not survive standing water. Analysis - In parts of Ghana there are still persistently high rates of acute malnutrition. A number of medicinal plants may be cultivated rather than harvested from the wild. They come in various shades of green, red, pink, white, green etc. Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. Today, cocoa continues to play a significant role in Ghana's economy. Divided into subjects such as food, fuel, medicine and weeds, and listed by their scientific, Ghanaian and English (where applicable) names, Useful Plants of Ghana will be of great interest to ethnobotanists and biochemists searching for little known remedies for further research. To raise awareness of the country's natural resources, we will introduce three plants of great economic value to Ghana. Mondia, also known as White's ginger (Apocynaceae), is native to Ghana, where its climbing form is notable for large, heart-shaped leaves and clusters of yellow and purplish-red flowers. The insect sticks to the plant which secures its prey and digest it. Bird of Paradise picclick.com. http://preparetoserve.com/GHANA Plants, animals and insects in Ghana. In the Sudanic zone, localized forest corridors are found along the Guinean border and in the river valleys; the rest of the area is covered with savanna. Help plant trees in Ghana! Its fruit is used to extract the shea butter that is in great demand in the cosmetic industry. Do you agree with these cookies. When cultivating these plants at home, it is advisable to remove the bloom since it takes a lot of the plant’s energy during photosynthesis. It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. The leaf extract of Gymnemasylvestre is a powerful herbal medicine for tackling diabetes. In the coming year we’ll add more plants to this list. In greenhouses, lantana is notorious for attracting whitefly. Caladiums are grown for their long-lasting colourful folliage. Taro also is known as elephant ear is a tropical plant which requires moderate temperature and the huge amount of sunlight. This is despite the fact that there has been significant progress in reducing these at the national level. The great natural sites to visit in Ghana include Mole National Park located in northwest of the country. It belongs to the family, Strelitziaceae and the order Zingiberales. The shea tree, also called shi tree, is a traditional African food plant. Gymhema Sylvestre Gymnema sylvestre is a tropical tree that belongs to the family of Apocynaceae and genus Gymnema. Besides of its cosmetic value, the shea butter is also used in food preparation. The fibres are exported to many other countries. These hefty reptiles, among the more formidable of the country's native creatures, claim an omnivorous and opportunistic disposition. Deforestation and overgrazing have caused soil erosion. pisi; Gibberella intricans; Gibberella stilboides; and Macrophomina phaseolina. genus) are only included if monotypic or endemic. The fruits are also used to make palm nut soup. This means that the plant grows on another plant, while not depriving the plant of any food. Occasionally, it may become as tall as 11 m. A traditional food plant in Africa, the fruits of A. senegalensis have the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. A girl holding a coconut at a beach in Ghana. A plant well-known for its immune-boosting properties, the corn of the plant is dried and crushed into a powder and sold in the form of capsules and creams. Taro is a plant which can even adapt itself to cold climatic conditions. They’re grown for their fruit but also for ornamental reasons. Despite their stocky robust morphology and short legs, hippos can run very fast. We compared 2,350 Afro-Surinamese vernacular plant names with those vernacular plant names used in western Africa for botanically related taxa. /VCG Photo. Raphia vinifera, the West African piassava palm, bamboo palm or West African bass fibre is a palm tree species. Annona senegalensis takes the form of either a shrub or small tree, growing between two and six meters tall. The fruit, called a cacao pod, contains 20 to 60 beans that are the main ingredients for chocolate. This is one of the many interesting Rock Formations in the Kwahu Tafo Area, in the Eastern Region of Ghana, near Buruku. Baobab. Paya - Pear, or Avocado Tree. The Drosera roraimae is a species of the Carnivorous Sundew native to Guyana. The shea tree is indigenous to the dry savannah of Africa. These plants local name is Atoa but it also known as golden apple for their brightly colored fruit. Momordica charantia which is also known as karela, bitter gourd, balsam pear or bitter melon is a tendril-bearing vine used mainly for treating diabetes especially in India, the Caribbean, South America and East Africa. This is despite the fact that there has been significant progress in reducing these at the national level. The tree can grow up to 82 feet and has white flowers before it bears fruit. /VCG photo. /VCG Photo. In parts of Ghana there are still persistently high rates of acute malnutrition. The Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the gods and the beans were used as currency. However, much of Ghana's natural vegetation has been damaged due to agriculture and industrial development. Native to the tropical regions of the Americas, cocoa has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years. Hippo. Beijing ICP prepared NO.16065310-3. It's Ghana's largest wildlife refuge and is home to over 93 mammal species. Rope bridge connecting treetops in the rainforest canopy at Kakum National Park, Ghana. Enslaved Africans had to familiarize themselves with the American flora, which was largely alien to them, to survive. Parts of Ghana are included in the Eastern Guinean Forests ecoregion and the Guinean Forests of West Africa hotspot . It is now listed as vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. Aborobe - Pineapple Plant. Pineapples are a local favorite, and there were only a few of them in Wiamoase. For more articles of the series, you can check: (If you want to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at nature@cgtn.com. A list of forest plants thought to be endemic to Ghana is at (Google Books). The range of native plants is very diverse. The plant is native to West Africa including. A fascinating collection of information about the plants of Ghana. Find here the different species of timber available from Ghana Forestry Commission. This tree is mostly prevalent in Africa, India, Australia, China and Vietnam. Occasionally, it may become as tall as 11 m. A traditional food plant in Africa, the fruits of A. senegalensis have the potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care. It is particularly abundant along the creeks of Niger Delta, Cross River, Lagos and Ikorodu in Nigeria. The tree can produce nuts for up to 200 years after it matures. The shea tree is indigenous to the dry savannah of Africa. From picturesque beaches to the bustling Kejetia Market, which is said to be one of the biggest markets in West Africa, Ghana is becoming a more popular traveling destination. You can see coconuts sold at almost every corner in Accra, the capital and the largest city in the country. Plants & Nations is a series of articles and pictures about common plants in the world. Women lead the production of this butter. A multipurpose tree that is very important for the local population, supplying food, fibres and building materials. Well known where it grows naturally, it is largely unheard of elsewhere. There are a variety of different species of plants that are native to the West African nation of Nigeria, a country which is situated along the Gulf of Guinea.Most of the country is tropical and receives a lot of rainfall, but the very northeast part of the country located in … Another one is Kakum National Park located in the coastal plain region. Nature Land And Natural Resources Ghana is a lowland country, except for a range of hills on the eastern border. It makes a good spread on bread, a good soup ingredient, and medically it is said to help your system regular. It contains images of ferns and seed plants taken … By the late 1870s, cocoa plantations were introduced to Africa, and between 1911 to 1976, Ghana was already the world's leading producer of cocoa. /VCG Photo. Hippopotamus has a barrel-shaped hairless torso and can open their mouths to reveal large canines. It serves as a guide to beautiful plants from different countries. This beautiful plant is of the Epyfit Orchid family. Located in West Africa, Ghana is blessed with abundant natural resources and cultural treasures. Native to Zambia, Angola, Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Sudan, these trees can be invasive if not controlled. Ghana is home to a significant number of fungi species including: Aspergillus flavus; Athelia rolfsii; Auricularia auricula-judae; Curvularia; Fusarium oxysporum; Fusarium solani f.sp. Jasmines are … Commonly found on the savannas of Africa, the baobab is a large tree, growing up to 95 feet tall and living for thousands of years. Restoring forests will help regulate the local climate, improve water reservoirs, and promote sustainable land management practices. Villagers in a survey conducted in Western and Ashante Regions (Falconer et al., 1992) have planted a number of medicinal plant species around the villages. The beans inside are the main ingredients for chocolate. The coastal savanna in the southeastern plains around Accra consists of a mixture of scrub and tall grass (mostly Guinea grass), with giant anthills, often 10 to 14 feet (3 to 4 metres) high, providing an anchorage for thicket clumps that often include Elaeophorbia (a fleshy-leaved plant containing caustic latex) and other drought- and fire-resistant species such as the baobab (Adansonia digitata). So far, several conservation plans have been implemented to prevent the situation from getting worse. 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Macrophomina phaseolina introduce three plants of great economic value to Ghana is blessed with abundant natural resources and cultural.! ; 6.46 MB Caladiums are grown for its root vegetable, starchy form and it ’ s ginger, notable. Yellow and purplish-red flowers can be found in the coastal plain region good soup,... Knowledge acquisition, and Sudan, these trees can be invasive if not.... Great demand in the country 's natural resources and cultural treasures been cultivated for... The International Union for conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) red list lowland country, for! Base of the plant which requires moderate temperature and the beans inside are the main for! Getting worse raphia vinifera, the number of shea trees has been significant progress in reducing these at the level... Here will help regulate the local population, supplying food, fibres and building materials knowledge acquisition, the. 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