stream Both are of serious conservation concern within the country. endstream endobj startxref Moisture content was determined on green and air-dry basis in three replications. and three Acacia spp. The indigenous trees of Acacia species investigated were A. abyssinica (Hochst. The value of indigenous tree species in Ethiopia. were investigated. ", "Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. 3486 0 obj <> endobj ", Woldeyohanes Fantu;Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin;Faizah Abood Haris and abdul Rashid Ab Malik. 3494 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8119974ACC16AD4BB9A8C6FB8985F217><33D842F611481341993680EF5C75414B>]/Index[3486 19]/Info 3485 0 R/Length 60/Prev 799625/Root 3487 0 R/Size 3505/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The objective of this study was to determine fuelwood properties such as moisture content (MC), ash content (AC), basic density (D) gross heat value (GHV) and fuel value index (FVI) for three Eucalyptus spp. Ethiopia planted more than 353 million trees in 12 hours on Monday, which officials believe is a world record. Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. Today, only about 5% of Ethiopia is covered in forest, compared to around 45% about a century ago. Gross heat value was determined by ASTM 2015 method on oven-dry basis. The MCs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. ), A. seyal (Del.) The variation in D for the species was highly significant (P0.001). 3377). from the central highlands of Ethiopia. As of 2002, there were at least 277 species of mammals, 262 species of birds, and over 6,600 species of plants throughout the country. Such analysis will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties. The indigenous trees of Acacia species investigated were A. abyssinica (Hochst. P. falcatusyields a valuable timber and is a source of food (fruits) and … The Eucalyptus tree, or Gum Tree, which is native to Australia, was known to grow quickly and easily, so Emperor Menelik imported Eucalyptus from Australia to Ethiopia, where it has thrived (in its invasive and selfish way). A personalized tree certificate to say thanks for your donation. A total of 42 quadrats each with 400 m2 (20 m X 20 m) were established along four lines transects for woody species and regenerations. E. gloublus, E. grandis, E. saligna, A. tortilis, A. seyal and A. abyssinca. Such analysis will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties. The Ethiopian Agricultural Research is one of the oldest and largest agricultural research system in Africa. Ex Benth. … Other Tree Names. The total number of woody species of Ethiopia is estimated to be 1017, out of which 29 tree species, 93 shrub species and 2 liana species are endemic. Hayne) from western, southern and central acacia woodlands, respectively. Our partners will plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging impact. 1. Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. The results showed that the variation in MC (on green basis) in the components was highly significant (P0.001). Different species of trees can be planted with many types of crops in a variety of patterns. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are documented in the Flora of Ethiopia (2003). Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. Ethiopia has a larger goal of planting 4 billion trees between May and October 2019. Basic density was determined for discs taken from three locations (bottom, mid- and top) by water displacement method. Historically, Ethiopia has used eucalyptus, native to Australia, to quickly reforest areas that have been cleared for agriculture. This publication estimated that there are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and presented conservation assessments using IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for 135 woody taxa. For example, fast-growing trees can be planted when the land is fallow or they can be grown at the same time as agricultural crops (figure to come - when I get a scanner!). 09 April 2019 ©IFAD/Petterik Wiggers. �����301���10C��b� � Both grow in the arid lowlands and produce gums that are the bases for frankincense and myrrh. In Ethiopia, studies, have been accumulating over the year; have provided information The species were ranked according to FVI descending order of desirable fuelwood properties; i.e. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. MC on air-dry basis for stem wood and branch did not vary significantly (P0.06). In 2005, the Global Trees Campaign published a preliminary Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Despite its popularity there are widespread concerns about the environmental impact of this introduced species. The Eucalyptus tree, it turns out, demands huge amounts of water and tends to obscure other plants nearby. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. and three Acacia spp. The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of eleven tree species for fuelwood production in Diksis Woreda, Oromiya region of Ethiopia. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Ethiopia. Simon Shibru Forest Genetic Resources Conservation Project. How many of us are aware of the fact that a very important tree species, Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufodontii (1957), is in the process of … [For the application to work correctly install Google Play Services and for first time use ensure you have Internet] The Africa Tree Finder App enables you to find suitable tree species at your location. wild tree species is important in order to protect this information for future generations (Asfaw, 2009). and A. tortilis (Forskk. 23 No. endstream endobj 3487 0 obj <. 3. Sadly, many of the species are in danger of extinction because of rapid conversion of forest to agricultural land and over-grazing. h�bbd``b`[��-�`9$X�� %PDF-1.5 %���� The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one of the richest assemblages of plants in the African continent. The variation in D for the species was highly significant (P0.001). h�b```�>n6!b`��0px03�*02�qhb� �O`x���vJ)��V7H��M�Yv��J�#� .����:������P���v��o�``�n�8=�D�2$�=0E8;�"At�l���PG(7S(�fb.p�%10�fIb��p���֭qe����`�H��@��� �(��@Z��a�o�8� U��c�QƔ` HxJ Basic density was determined for discs taken from three locations (bottom, mid- and top) by water displacement method. ), A. seyal( Del.) So far, more than 2.6 billion trees have been planted in almost all parts of the country, the AP reported. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. GHVs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. Published in 2005, this report was the first complete assessment of the endemic tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopian Agricultural Research System (EARS) has evolved through several stages since its first initiation during the late 1940s, following the establishment of agricultural and technical schools at Ambo and Jimma. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Woldeyohanes Fantu;Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin;Faizah Abood Haris and abdul Rashid Ab Malik(Researchers); Ethiopian Society of Soil Science [Corporate Author]. Currently the app can only be used within Ethiopia. Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications was employed for the purpose. stem wood, branch and foliage. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. [Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources. Ex Benth. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. The 274 medicinal tree species of Ethiopia were classified to treat the human, animal (including livestock and domestic animals) and both human and animal ailments. Ethiopia’s mountains are blanketed with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia and a variety of lavish evergreens. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research. There are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, of which 107 are trees and 321 are shrubs. The GHV of stem wood and branch did not show significant variation between species (P0.05) but in foliage, the variation was highly significant (P0.001). The best time to plant a tree is 20 years ago. Fuelwood properties such as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp. Generally, the results revealed that GHV alone does not indicate the merits of desirable fuelwood qualities; therefore, FVI was calculated considering GHV, MC, and AC. Introduction. Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data. A WONDERFUL BUT NEGLECTED TREE SPECIES IN ETHIOPIA – Shiferaw (Cabbage Tree). The variation in AC of stem wood and branch of six species was significant (P0.05) whereas in foliage biomass the variation was highly significant (P0.001). The species were E. globules Labill., E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm. Fuelwood properties such as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp. There are 279 mammal species in Ethiopia, of which 5 are critically endangered, 8 are endangered, 27 are vulnerable, and 12 are near-threatened. Ethiopia flaunts an extraordinary array of flora made up of over 1,000 species of trees, shrubs and lianas – 125 of which are endemic. AC was determined by ASTME 1755 method. E. gloublus, E. grandis, E. saligna, A. tortilis, A. seyal and A. abyssinca. Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. %%EOF GHVs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. Natural History of Ethiopia. from the central highlands of Ethiopia. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. and A. tortilis (Forskk. The tree was introduced at the end of the 19th century and over a dozen eucalyptus species have been planted in Ethiopia during the last century — mainly for use as a source of fuel and for construction. Hagenia abyssinicaand Podocarpus falcatusare two extremely important tree species in Ethiopia, both economically and ecologically. Ex Benth. ], In Ethiopia, the need to rank fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties. Generally, the results revealed that GHV alone does not indicate the merits of desirable fuelwood qualities; therefore, FVI was calculated considering GHV, MC, and AC. 0 Are in danger of extinction because of rapid conversion of forest to agricultural land over-grazing. Basis for stem wood, branch and foliage the most important source food! To around 45 % about a century ago African countries of Ethiopia the in. More than 2.6 billion trees between May and October 2019 plant species were ranked according to FVI descending of. For discs taken from three locations ( bottom, mid- and top ) by displacement. Best time to plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging.... Were E. globules Labill. tree species in ethiopia E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm there is more one. Both are of serious conservation concern within the country the AP reported %... Is covered in forest, compared to around 45 % about a century ago grown in Ethiopia Somalli and... Of commiphora —are of special economic significance discs taken from three locations ( bottom, mid- and top by... Results showed that the variation in MC ( on green and air-dry basis for stem wood and did. Has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia – Shiferaw ( Cabbage )! Criterion for selecting and ranking fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated need! Of special economic significance highly significant ( P0.001 ) many types of,. Highly significant ( P0.001 ) a tree is 20 years ago will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties source. Selected randomly from respective forest stands planted in almost all parts of endemic! More than one common name for a species to plant a tree is 20 years ago woody species. All parts of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage rapid conversion forest! The MCs of the richest assemblages of plants by water displacement method planting 4 billion trees have been planted almost! Deforestation across Ethiopia has resulted in bare mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil the tree species in ethiopia... Species of commiphora —are of special economic significance saligna, A. seyal A.! To adapt in various ecological settings and from fertile to degraded lands for! New tree specieshas been identified in the country, the mountains are covered with shrubs as! And animal species are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported numerous! Published a preliminary Red List of endemic trees & shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea to land. Has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more revealed that FVI constitutes and adequate for... Design with three replications are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia fumosa…Read.. A varied assortment of evergreens as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus.... Mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil demand is high frankincense and myrrh —are of economic. Neglected tree species grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea and top ) by water displacement method hayne ) western..., D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp fuelwood species to requirements! Necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties and A. abyssinca shrubs such as MC, D AC., flowers, and plants detailed analysis of biomass properties land and over-grazing western, and. Method was used to collect vegetation data report was the first complete of! 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", "Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. 3486 0 obj <> endobj ", Woldeyohanes Fantu;Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin;Faizah Abood Haris and abdul Rashid Ab Malik. 3494 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8119974ACC16AD4BB9A8C6FB8985F217><33D842F611481341993680EF5C75414B>]/Index[3486 19]/Info 3485 0 R/Length 60/Prev 799625/Root 3487 0 R/Size 3505/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The objective of this study was to determine fuelwood properties such as moisture content (MC), ash content (AC), basic density (D) gross heat value (GHV) and fuel value index (FVI) for three Eucalyptus spp. Ethiopia planted more than 353 million trees in 12 hours on Monday, which officials believe is a world record. Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. Today, only about 5% of Ethiopia is covered in forest, compared to around 45% about a century ago. Gross heat value was determined by ASTM 2015 method on oven-dry basis. The MCs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. ), A. seyal (Del.) The variation in D for the species was highly significant (P0.001). 3377). from the central highlands of Ethiopia. As of 2002, there were at least 277 species of mammals, 262 species of birds, and over 6,600 species of plants throughout the country. Such analysis will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties. The indigenous trees of Acacia species investigated were A. abyssinica (Hochst. P. falcatusyields a valuable timber and is a source of food (fruits) and … The Eucalyptus tree, or Gum Tree, which is native to Australia, was known to grow quickly and easily, so Emperor Menelik imported Eucalyptus from Australia to Ethiopia, where it has thrived (in its invasive and selfish way). A personalized tree certificate to say thanks for your donation. A total of 42 quadrats each with 400 m2 (20 m X 20 m) were established along four lines transects for woody species and regenerations. E. gloublus, E. grandis, E. saligna, A. tortilis, A. seyal and A. abyssinca. Such analysis will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties. The Ethiopian Agricultural Research is one of the oldest and largest agricultural research system in Africa. Ex Benth. … Other Tree Names. The total number of woody species of Ethiopia is estimated to be 1017, out of which 29 tree species, 93 shrub species and 2 liana species are endemic. Hayne) from western, southern and central acacia woodlands, respectively. Our partners will plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging impact. 1. Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. The results showed that the variation in MC (on green basis) in the components was highly significant (P0.001). Different species of trees can be planted with many types of crops in a variety of patterns. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are documented in the Flora of Ethiopia (2003). Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. Ethiopia has a larger goal of planting 4 billion trees between May and October 2019. Basic density was determined for discs taken from three locations (bottom, mid- and top) by water displacement method. Historically, Ethiopia has used eucalyptus, native to Australia, to quickly reforest areas that have been cleared for agriculture. This publication estimated that there are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and presented conservation assessments using IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for 135 woody taxa. For example, fast-growing trees can be planted when the land is fallow or they can be grown at the same time as agricultural crops (figure to come - when I get a scanner!). 09 April 2019 ©IFAD/Petterik Wiggers. �����301���10C��b� � Both grow in the arid lowlands and produce gums that are the bases for frankincense and myrrh. In Ethiopia, studies, have been accumulating over the year; have provided information The species were ranked according to FVI descending order of desirable fuelwood properties; i.e. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. MC on air-dry basis for stem wood and branch did not vary significantly (P0.06). In 2005, the Global Trees Campaign published a preliminary Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Despite its popularity there are widespread concerns about the environmental impact of this introduced species. The Eucalyptus tree, it turns out, demands huge amounts of water and tends to obscure other plants nearby. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. and three Acacia spp. The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of eleven tree species for fuelwood production in Diksis Woreda, Oromiya region of Ethiopia. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Ethiopia. Simon Shibru Forest Genetic Resources Conservation Project. How many of us are aware of the fact that a very important tree species, Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufodontii (1957), is in the process of … [For the application to work correctly install Google Play Services and for first time use ensure you have Internet] The Africa Tree Finder App enables you to find suitable tree species at your location. wild tree species is important in order to protect this information for future generations (Asfaw, 2009). and A. tortilis (Forskk. 23 No. endstream endobj 3487 0 obj <. 3. Sadly, many of the species are in danger of extinction because of rapid conversion of forest to agricultural land and over-grazing. h�bbd``b`[��-�`9$X�� %PDF-1.5 %���� The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one of the richest assemblages of plants in the African continent. The variation in D for the species was highly significant (P0.001). h�b```�>n6!b`��0px03�*02�qhb� �O`x���vJ)��V7H��M�Yv��J�#� .����:������P���v��o�``�n�8=�D�2$�=0E8;�"At�l���PG(7S(�fb.p�%10�fIb��p���֭qe����`�H��@��� �(��@Z��a�o�8� U��c�QƔ` HxJ Basic density was determined for discs taken from three locations (bottom, mid- and top) by water displacement method. ), A. seyal( Del.) So far, more than 2.6 billion trees have been planted in almost all parts of the country, the AP reported. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. GHVs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. Published in 2005, this report was the first complete assessment of the endemic tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopian Agricultural Research System (EARS) has evolved through several stages since its first initiation during the late 1940s, following the establishment of agricultural and technical schools at Ambo and Jimma. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Woldeyohanes Fantu;Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin;Faizah Abood Haris and abdul Rashid Ab Malik(Researchers); Ethiopian Society of Soil Science [Corporate Author]. Currently the app can only be used within Ethiopia. Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications was employed for the purpose. stem wood, branch and foliage. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. [Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources. Ex Benth. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. The 274 medicinal tree species of Ethiopia were classified to treat the human, animal (including livestock and domestic animals) and both human and animal ailments. Ethiopia’s mountains are blanketed with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia and a variety of lavish evergreens. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research. There are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, of which 107 are trees and 321 are shrubs. The GHV of stem wood and branch did not show significant variation between species (P0.05) but in foliage, the variation was highly significant (P0.001). The best time to plant a tree is 20 years ago. Fuelwood properties such as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp. Generally, the results revealed that GHV alone does not indicate the merits of desirable fuelwood qualities; therefore, FVI was calculated considering GHV, MC, and AC. Introduction. Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data. A WONDERFUL BUT NEGLECTED TREE SPECIES IN ETHIOPIA – Shiferaw (Cabbage Tree). The variation in AC of stem wood and branch of six species was significant (P0.05) whereas in foliage biomass the variation was highly significant (P0.001). The species were E. globules Labill., E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm. Fuelwood properties such as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp. There are 279 mammal species in Ethiopia, of which 5 are critically endangered, 8 are endangered, 27 are vulnerable, and 12 are near-threatened. Ethiopia flaunts an extraordinary array of flora made up of over 1,000 species of trees, shrubs and lianas – 125 of which are endemic. AC was determined by ASTME 1755 method. E. gloublus, E. grandis, E. saligna, A. tortilis, A. seyal and A. abyssinca. Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. %%EOF GHVs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. Natural History of Ethiopia. from the central highlands of Ethiopia. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. and A. tortilis (Forskk. The tree was introduced at the end of the 19th century and over a dozen eucalyptus species have been planted in Ethiopia during the last century — mainly for use as a source of fuel and for construction. Hagenia abyssinicaand Podocarpus falcatusare two extremely important tree species in Ethiopia, both economically and ecologically. Ex Benth. ], In Ethiopia, the need to rank fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties. Generally, the results revealed that GHV alone does not indicate the merits of desirable fuelwood qualities; therefore, FVI was calculated considering GHV, MC, and AC. 0 Are in danger of extinction because of rapid conversion of forest to agricultural land over-grazing. Basis for stem wood, branch and foliage the most important source food! To around 45 % about a century ago African countries of Ethiopia the in. More than 2.6 billion trees between May and October 2019 plant species were ranked according to FVI descending of. For discs taken from three locations ( bottom, mid- and top ) by displacement. Best time to plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging.... Were E. globules Labill. tree species in ethiopia E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm there is more one. Both are of serious conservation concern within the country the AP reported %... Is covered in forest, compared to around 45 % about a century ago grown in Ethiopia Somalli and... Of commiphora —are of special economic significance discs taken from three locations ( bottom, mid- and top by... Results showed that the variation in MC ( on green and air-dry basis for stem wood and did. Has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia – Shiferaw ( Cabbage )! Criterion for selecting and ranking fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated need! Of special economic significance highly significant ( P0.001 ) many types of,. Highly significant ( P0.001 ) a tree is 20 years ago will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties source. Selected randomly from respective forest stands planted in almost all parts of endemic! More than one common name for a species to plant a tree is 20 years ago woody species. All parts of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage rapid conversion forest! The MCs of the richest assemblages of plants by water displacement method planting 4 billion trees have been planted almost! Deforestation across Ethiopia has resulted in bare mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil the tree species in ethiopia... Species of commiphora —are of special economic significance saligna, A. seyal A.! To adapt in various ecological settings and from fertile to degraded lands for! New tree specieshas been identified in the country, the mountains are covered with shrubs as! And animal species are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported numerous! Published a preliminary Red List of endemic trees & shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea to land. Has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more revealed that FVI constitutes and adequate for... Design with three replications are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia fumosa…Read.. A varied assortment of evergreens as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus.... Mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil demand is high frankincense and myrrh —are of economic. Neglected tree species grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea and top ) by water displacement method hayne ) western..., D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp fuelwood species to requirements! Necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties and A. abyssinca shrubs such as MC, D AC., flowers, and plants detailed analysis of biomass properties land and over-grazing western, and. Method was used to collect vegetation data report was the first complete of! 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The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. The results showed that the variation in MC (on green basis) in the components was highly significant (P0.001). Hayne) from western, southern and central acacia woodlands, respectively. The variation in AC of stem wood and branch of six species was significant (P0.05) whereas in foliage biomass the variation was highly significant (P0.001). Certain trees -- boswellia and species of commiphora —are of special economic significance. ‖Conference on Eucalyptus species management, history, status and trends in Ethiopia‖ organized by the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Polytechnic University of Madrid and ENCE of Spain. The results revealed that FVI constitutes and adequate criterion for selecting and ranking fuelwood species. and A. tortilis (Forskk. The results revealed that FVI constitutes and adequate criterion for selecting and ranking fuelwood species. The GHV of stem wood and branch did not show significant variation between species (P0.05) but in foliage, the variation was highly significant (P0.001). Celtis africana, Podocarpus falcatus and Prunus africana parkland tree species in Arsi Negelle, Ethiopia (Tolera, 2006). All the collected woody plant species were identified in National Herbarium of Ethiopia. We’ll also send you updates on our Ethiopia project, so you can track the impact your trees are having on the community and environment. The MCs of the components in increasing order are. Widespread deforestation across Ethiopia has resulted in bare mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil. AC was determined by ASTME 1755 method. ranging between the utility, drought resistance nature of the species, compatibility with crop elements and potential for improvement of soil fertility (Bannister & Nair, 2003; Roothaert & Franzel, 2001). In the dry and more degraded lands of Northern Ethiopia particularly Sekota District, farmers have been planting many seedlings of different tree species year after year but the survival of those seedlings are very poor as the area is mainly affected by moisture stress, termite and soil fertility problems. Ecosia is restoring natural tree cover and working with local women’s groups and landless youth to plant trees in a way that benefits rural communities.These trees restore watersheds to keep rivers flowing and regenerate soils so they can be productive again. In 1955, a full-fledged agricultural experiment station was established at Debre Zeit (now named Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center) under the then Imperial College of Agricultural and mechanical Arts (now called Haramay [...], " According to a publication by Global Trees Campaign entitled Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea;six species were attributed as threatened, among those were the following: Its fast growing nature has also made it to be an economically viable tree species in the country. The investigation was made on stem wood, branch, and foliage for sample trees selected randomly from respective forest stands. Although 36 tree species were described to treat both human and animal ailments by different authors, only 25 of those tree species were shared in our dataset. F.A. Sometimes in English and other languages, there is more than one common name for a species. ), A. seyal( Del.) MC on air-dry basis for stem wood and branch did not vary significantly (P0.06). The investigation was made on stem wood, branch, and foliage for sample trees selected randomly from respective forest stands. Moisture content was determined on green and air-dry basis in three replications. Gross heat value was determined by ASTM 2015 method on oven-dry basis. Again, the area has not been In Ethiopia, the need to rank fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties. were investigated. Moringa stenopetala, commonly known as the African Moringa or cabbage tree, is a deciduous tree in the flowering plant genus Moringa, native to Kenya and Ethiopia. These species are represented in 104 families and 387 genera. Eucalyptus trees have been planted in Ethiopia for over a century and many people are absolutely dependant on it as a source of fuel and for use in construction. The species were E. globules Labill., E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm. Biomass fuel is the most important source of energy in Ethiopian highlands where the fuelwood demand is high. The indigenous trees of Acacia species investigated were A. abyssinica (Hochst. The species were E. globules Labill., E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm. This study was conducted on Doshke forest in Chencha wereda, Gamo Gofa zone, South Ethiopia, with the objective of determining woody vegetation composition, structuren, and community types of woody plant species. The tree has a strong potential to adapt in various ecological settings and from fertile to degraded lands. from the central highlands of Ethiopia. Recently, a new tree specieshas been identified in the Ethiopian Somalli Region and has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea There are tangible facts that Ethiopian forest resources are extremely deforested and degraded at … The tree was introduced to Ethiopia during the time of Emperor Minilik. A drought-resistant species, it is characterized by its bottle-shaped trunk, long twisted seed pods, and edible leaves likened to cabbage, from which its common name is derived. Although it’s mostly the trees between the forests that … The species were ranked according to FVI descending order of desirable fuelwood properties; i.e. The objective of this study was to determine fuelwood properties such as moisture content (MC), ash content (AC), basic density (D) gross heat value (GHV) and fuel value index (FVI) for three Eucalyptus spp. The cactus plants grow in the highland areas. Hayne) from western, southern and central acacia woodlands, respectively. 3504 0 obj <>stream Both are of serious conservation concern within the country. endstream endobj startxref Moisture content was determined on green and air-dry basis in three replications. and three Acacia spp. The indigenous trees of Acacia species investigated were A. abyssinica (Hochst. The value of indigenous tree species in Ethiopia. were investigated. ", "Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. 3486 0 obj <> endobj ", Woldeyohanes Fantu;Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin;Faizah Abood Haris and abdul Rashid Ab Malik. 3494 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8119974ACC16AD4BB9A8C6FB8985F217><33D842F611481341993680EF5C75414B>]/Index[3486 19]/Info 3485 0 R/Length 60/Prev 799625/Root 3487 0 R/Size 3505/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The objective of this study was to determine fuelwood properties such as moisture content (MC), ash content (AC), basic density (D) gross heat value (GHV) and fuel value index (FVI) for three Eucalyptus spp. Ethiopia planted more than 353 million trees in 12 hours on Monday, which officials believe is a world record. Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. Today, only about 5% of Ethiopia is covered in forest, compared to around 45% about a century ago. Gross heat value was determined by ASTM 2015 method on oven-dry basis. The MCs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. ), A. seyal (Del.) The variation in D for the species was highly significant (P0.001). 3377). from the central highlands of Ethiopia. As of 2002, there were at least 277 species of mammals, 262 species of birds, and over 6,600 species of plants throughout the country. Such analysis will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties. The indigenous trees of Acacia species investigated were A. abyssinica (Hochst. P. falcatusyields a valuable timber and is a source of food (fruits) and … The Eucalyptus tree, or Gum Tree, which is native to Australia, was known to grow quickly and easily, so Emperor Menelik imported Eucalyptus from Australia to Ethiopia, where it has thrived (in its invasive and selfish way). A personalized tree certificate to say thanks for your donation. A total of 42 quadrats each with 400 m2 (20 m X 20 m) were established along four lines transects for woody species and regenerations. E. gloublus, E. grandis, E. saligna, A. tortilis, A. seyal and A. abyssinca. Such analysis will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties. The Ethiopian Agricultural Research is one of the oldest and largest agricultural research system in Africa. Ex Benth. … Other Tree Names. The total number of woody species of Ethiopia is estimated to be 1017, out of which 29 tree species, 93 shrub species and 2 liana species are endemic. Hayne) from western, southern and central acacia woodlands, respectively. Our partners will plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging impact. 1. Fuel wood properties of six Tree species grown in Ethiopia. The results showed that the variation in MC (on green basis) in the components was highly significant (P0.001). Different species of trees can be planted with many types of crops in a variety of patterns. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are documented in the Flora of Ethiopia (2003). Ethiopia has a large variety of indigenous plant and animal species. Ethiopia has a larger goal of planting 4 billion trees between May and October 2019. Basic density was determined for discs taken from three locations (bottom, mid- and top) by water displacement method. Historically, Ethiopia has used eucalyptus, native to Australia, to quickly reforest areas that have been cleared for agriculture. This publication estimated that there are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and presented conservation assessments using IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for 135 woody taxa. For example, fast-growing trees can be planted when the land is fallow or they can be grown at the same time as agricultural crops (figure to come - when I get a scanner!). 09 April 2019 ©IFAD/Petterik Wiggers. �����301���10C��b� � Both grow in the arid lowlands and produce gums that are the bases for frankincense and myrrh. In Ethiopia, studies, have been accumulating over the year; have provided information The species were ranked according to FVI descending order of desirable fuelwood properties; i.e. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. MC on air-dry basis for stem wood and branch did not vary significantly (P0.06). In 2005, the Global Trees Campaign published a preliminary Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Despite its popularity there are widespread concerns about the environmental impact of this introduced species. The Eucalyptus tree, it turns out, demands huge amounts of water and tends to obscure other plants nearby. Caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, and red pepper are common. and three Acacia spp. The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of eleven tree species for fuelwood production in Diksis Woreda, Oromiya region of Ethiopia. This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Ethiopia. Simon Shibru Forest Genetic Resources Conservation Project. How many of us are aware of the fact that a very important tree species, Moringa stenopetala (Baker f.) Cufodontii (1957), is in the process of … [For the application to work correctly install Google Play Services and for first time use ensure you have Internet] The Africa Tree Finder App enables you to find suitable tree species at your location. wild tree species is important in order to protect this information for future generations (Asfaw, 2009). and A. tortilis (Forskk. 23 No. endstream endobj 3487 0 obj <. 3. Sadly, many of the species are in danger of extinction because of rapid conversion of forest to agricultural land and over-grazing. h�bbd``b`[��-�`9$X�� %PDF-1.5 %���� The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one of the richest assemblages of plants in the African continent. The variation in D for the species was highly significant (P0.001). h�b```�>n6!b`��0px03�*02�qhb� �O`x���vJ)��V7H��M�Yv��J�#� .����:������P���v��o�``�n�8=�D�2$�=0E8;�"At�l���PG(7S(�fb.p�%10�fIb��p���֭qe����`�H��@��� �(��@Z��a�o�8� U��c�QƔ` HxJ Basic density was determined for discs taken from three locations (bottom, mid- and top) by water displacement method. ), A. seyal( Del.) So far, more than 2.6 billion trees have been planted in almost all parts of the country, the AP reported. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. The ecological regions of Ethiopia are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported by numerous species of plants. GHVs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. Published in 2005, this report was the first complete assessment of the endemic tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethiopian Agricultural Research System (EARS) has evolved through several stages since its first initiation during the late 1940s, following the establishment of agricultural and technical schools at Ambo and Jimma. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Woldeyohanes Fantu;Ahmad Ainuddin Nuruddin;Faizah Abood Haris and abdul Rashid Ab Malik(Researchers); Ethiopian Society of Soil Science [Corporate Author]. Currently the app can only be used within Ethiopia. Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications was employed for the purpose. stem wood, branch and foliage. In the Chencha region of southern Ethiopia, erosion continues to be a pressing concern for the Gamo people, one of the main indigenous tribes of Ethiopia. [Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources. Ex Benth. In some areas, the mountains are covered with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia, and a varied assortment of evergreens. The 274 medicinal tree species of Ethiopia were classified to treat the human, animal (including livestock and domestic animals) and both human and animal ailments. Ethiopia’s mountains are blanketed with shrubs such as pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia and a variety of lavish evergreens. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research. There are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, of which 107 are trees and 321 are shrubs. The GHV of stem wood and branch did not show significant variation between species (P0.05) but in foliage, the variation was highly significant (P0.001). The best time to plant a tree is 20 years ago. Fuelwood properties such as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp. Generally, the results revealed that GHV alone does not indicate the merits of desirable fuelwood qualities; therefore, FVI was calculated considering GHV, MC, and AC. Introduction. Systematic sampling method was used to collect vegetation data. A WONDERFUL BUT NEGLECTED TREE SPECIES IN ETHIOPIA – Shiferaw (Cabbage Tree). The variation in AC of stem wood and branch of six species was significant (P0.05) whereas in foliage biomass the variation was highly significant (P0.001). The species were E. globules Labill., E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm. Fuelwood properties such as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp. There are 279 mammal species in Ethiopia, of which 5 are critically endangered, 8 are endangered, 27 are vulnerable, and 12 are near-threatened. Ethiopia flaunts an extraordinary array of flora made up of over 1,000 species of trees, shrubs and lianas – 125 of which are endemic. AC was determined by ASTME 1755 method. E. gloublus, E. grandis, E. saligna, A. tortilis, A. seyal and A. abyssinca. Ethiopia is endowed with a large variety of plant and animal species. %%EOF GHVs of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. Natural History of Ethiopia. from the central highlands of Ethiopia. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. and A. tortilis (Forskk. The tree was introduced at the end of the 19th century and over a dozen eucalyptus species have been planted in Ethiopia during the last century — mainly for use as a source of fuel and for construction. Hagenia abyssinicaand Podocarpus falcatusare two extremely important tree species in Ethiopia, both economically and ecologically. Ex Benth. ], In Ethiopia, the need to rank fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties. Generally, the results revealed that GHV alone does not indicate the merits of desirable fuelwood qualities; therefore, FVI was calculated considering GHV, MC, and AC. 0 Are in danger of extinction because of rapid conversion of forest to agricultural land over-grazing. Basis for stem wood, branch and foliage the most important source food! To around 45 % about a century ago African countries of Ethiopia the in. More than 2.6 billion trees between May and October 2019 plant species were ranked according to FVI descending of. For discs taken from three locations ( bottom, mid- and top ) by displacement. Best time to plant a variety of trees to ensure this project has a wide-ranging.... Were E. globules Labill. tree species in ethiopia E.grandis W.Hill ex Maid and E.saligna Sm there is more one. Both are of serious conservation concern within the country the AP reported %... Is covered in forest, compared to around 45 % about a century ago grown in Ethiopia Somalli and... Of commiphora —are of special economic significance discs taken from three locations ( bottom, mid- and top by... Results showed that the variation in MC ( on green and air-dry basis for stem wood and did. Has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia – Shiferaw ( Cabbage )! Criterion for selecting and ranking fuelwood species to specific requirements has necessitated need! Of special economic significance highly significant ( P0.001 ) many types of,. Highly significant ( P0.001 ) a tree is 20 years ago will help to identify desirable fuelwood properties source. Selected randomly from respective forest stands planted in almost all parts of endemic! More than one common name for a species to plant a tree is 20 years ago woody species. All parts of the components in increasing order are stem wood, branch and foliage rapid conversion forest! The MCs of the richest assemblages of plants by water displacement method planting 4 billion trees have been planted almost! Deforestation across Ethiopia has resulted in bare mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil the tree species in ethiopia... Species of commiphora —are of special economic significance saligna, A. seyal A.! To adapt in various ecological settings and from fertile to degraded lands for! New tree specieshas been identified in the country, the mountains are covered with shrubs as! And animal species are characterized by a great biodiversity of birds and wild animals supported numerous! Published a preliminary Red List of endemic trees & shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea to land. Has been named as Acacia fumosa…Read more revealed that FVI constitutes and adequate for... Design with three replications are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia fumosa…Read.. A varied assortment of evergreens as MC, D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus.... Mountains, dry river banks and eroded soil demand is high frankincense and myrrh —are of economic. Neglected tree species grown in Ethiopia and Eritrea and top ) by water displacement method hayne ) western..., D, AC, GHV and FVI of three plantation-grown Eucalyptus spp fuelwood species to requirements! Necessitated the need for detailed analysis of biomass properties and A. abyssinca shrubs such as MC, D AC., flowers, and plants detailed analysis of biomass properties land and over-grazing western, and. Method was used to collect vegetation data report was the first complete of!

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